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The following sample /etc/quotas file describes different kinds of quotas:
# Quota Target type disk files thold sdisk sfile # ------------- ----- ---- ----- ----- ----- ----- mhoward user 500M 50K lfine user@/vol/home 500M tracker user - - stooges group@/vol/vol0 750M 75K /vol/vol0/export tree 750M 75K mhoward user@/vol/vol0/export 50M 5K stooges group@/vol/vol0/export 100M 10K * user@/vol/home 100M 10K 90M 90M 9K * group@/vol/vol0 500M 70K * tree 500M 50K * user@/vol/vol0/export 20M 2K * group@/vol/vol0/export 200M 20K 150M * tree@/vol/home 500M 50K corp\bill user - - 100M corp\joe, fin\joe user 200M 40K 160M corp\sue, sue user 100M 20K corp\ann user 100M - 90M QUOTA_TARGET_DOMAIN corp # The following entry will become corp\jim jim user 200M - - # The following entry will become corp\beth beth user 120M 50K - QUOTA_TARGET_DOMAIN QUOTA_PERFORM_USER_MAPPING ON # If corp\sam maps to usam, the following entry will become # corp\sam, usam user ..... corp\sam user 50M # If umary maps to corp\mary, the following entry will become # umary, corp\mary user .... umary user 300M QUOTA_PERFORM_USER_MAPPING OFF
The next two lines restrict the stooges group and the /vol/vol0/export qtree to 750 MB and 76,800 files each in the root volume.
The fifth column of the /etc/quotas file contains a value for the warning threshold. If an attempt to allocate space for the quota target causes the quota target's disk space usage to exceed the warning threshold value, a warning message is logged on the filer's console. Additionally, an SNMP trap is emitted indicating the condition. The disk space allocation will succeed if no other quota limits are exceeded. The value is specified in bytes.
The sixth column specifies a soft disk limit, while the seventh column specifies a soft file limit. They are analogous to the (hard) limits specified in the third and fourth columns, but behave more similarly to the threshold value: when a soft limit is exceeded, a warning message is logged to the filer's console. Additionally, an SNMP trap is emitted indicating the condition. Lastly, when the quota target's usage returns below the soft limit, a warning message and SNMP trap is also generated.
An entry in the /etc/quotas file may extend over several lines, but the last five columns (hard limits, warning threshold, and soft limit values) must be on the same line of the quota file.
A user is specified by one of the following values:
a unix user name, which must appear in the password database (either in the /etc/passwd file on the filer, or in the password NIS map if NIS is enabled on the filer and is being used for the password database);
a numerical unix user ID;
the pathname of a file owned by that user;
a Windows account name, which consists of the domain name and the account name separated by a backslash (if the domain name or the account name contain spaces or other special characters, then the entire name must be enclosed in quotes);
the text form of a Windows SID that represents a Windows account;
a comma separated list of any of the above items that are to be considered one user quota target (the list can extend to multiple lines, but the last item must be on the same line as the quota type, disk limit, file limit and warning threshold values).
A group is specified by one of the following values:
a unix group name, which must appear in the group database (either in the /etc/group file on the filer, or in the group NIS map if NIS is enabled on the filer and is being used for the group database);
a numerical group ID;
the pathname of a a file owned by that group.
The user or group identifier for a user or group quota can be followed by an @/vol/volume string, which specifies the volume to which the quota applies. If the string is omitted, the quota applies to the root volume.
A quota of type tree can only be applied to a qtree, which is a directory in the root directory of a specified volume. A qtree is created with the qtree create command.
User and group quotas can be created inside a qtree, so that the user's or group's use of space or files within that qtree is restricted. This is done by specifying the type as [email protected] or [email protected] where tree is the name of the qtree. In the example above, we first limit overall usage in the qtree /vol/vol0/export and then we restrict the user mhoward to 50 MB and 5,120 files under the /vol/vol0/export tree. Similarly, the group stooges has been limited to 100 MB of disk space and 10,240 files under the /vol/vol0/export tree.
In any operation that creates files or writes to them, all applicable quotas must be satisfied. For example, the user mhoward can write to a file in the /vol/vol0/export tree if all of these requirements are met:
his total disk usage in the root volume does not exceed 500 MB
his total number of files in the root volume does not exceed 51,200
his usage within the /vol/vol0/export tree does not exceed 50 MB
his number of files within the /vol/vol0/export tree does not exceed 5,120
the space already in use in the /vol/vol0/export tree does not exceed 750 MB
the number of files in the /vol/vol0/export tree does not exceed 768,000
The asterisk (*) in the /etc/quotas file specifies a default user, group, or tree quota depending on the type. Any user, group, or qtree that is not specifically mentioned in the /etc/quotas file is subject to the limits of the default user, group, or tree. Default user or group quotas can be specified on either a per qtree basis or a per volume basis.
Default tree quotas can be specified on a per volume basis. The tree identifier for a qtree quota can be followed by an @/vol/volume string, which specifies the volume to which the quota applies. If the string is omitted, the quota applies to the root volume.
Hard disk limits, hard file limits, warning threshold, soft disk limits, and soft file limits in the last five columns of the /etc/quotas file end in ``K'', ``M'', or ``G''. ``K'' indicates kilobytes (or kilofiles). That is, it multiplies the limit by 1,024. Similarly, ``M'' denotes megabytes (or megafiles) and ``G'' denotes gigabytes (or gigafiles). The unit specifiers are not case sensitive so lower-case letters may be used. The default for the disk limits and warning threshold is kilobytes.
The QUOTA_TARGET_DOMAIN domain directive can be used to change a user quota target that is a unix name to a user quota target that is a Windows account. It will prepend the domain and a backslash to subsequent user quota targets that are unix user names. It will continue to prepend the unix user name names with the domain name until either the end of the /etc/quotas file or another QUOTA_TARGET_DOMAIN directive is encountered.
The QUOTA_PERFORM_USER_MAPPING [ ON | OFF ] directive, when ON, will use the filer's user name mapping support to map user quota targets that are unix user names to their corresponding Windows account names and consider both as one user quota target. It will also map user quota targets that are Windows account names to their corresponding unix user names and consider both as one user quota target. The setting remains until either the end of the /etc/quotas file is reached or another QUOTA_PERFORM_USER_MAPPING directive is encountered. If the directive is omitted or if the directive is OFF, no user name mapping is done.
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