getdate, getdate_r - Convert formatted string into time/date structure
Standard C Library (libc.so, libc.a)
struct tm *getdate(
const char *string);
The following function declarations do not conform to current standards and are supported only for backward compatibility:
struct tm *getdate(
struct tm *getdate_r(
struct tm *ptr,
Interfaces documented on this reference page conform to industry standards as follows:
Refer to the standards(5) reference page for more information about industry standards and associated tags.
The getdate() function fills a struct tm based on a combination of the supplied string argument and the template file of allowable formats for that argument.
The template file is obtained from the DATEMSK environment variable. As the pathname is passed to fopen(), it must either be a fully qualified pathname, or must refer to a file in the current directory whenever getdate() is called.
The template file is read line by line, and each line is parsed against the argument string in an attempt to make a match. All comparisons are made without regard to case. A matching template line will result in a valid struct tm being filled in and returned. In the event that no match is found, an error is returned in getdate_err.
Each line of the template file provides a possible format to match against the input string. The format is specified by combining special time/date specifier characters preceded by % to indicate the particular time/date functions desired.
The external variable or macro getdate_err is used by getdate() to return error values.
The following field descriptors are supported: Literal % character Abbreviated weekday name Full weekday name Abbreviated month name Full month name Locale's appropriate date and time representation Day of month: 1 through 31, with optional leading zero Date string formatted as %m/%d/%y Same as %d. Abbreviated month name **Same as %b.???????????? Hour: 00 through 23 Hour: 01 through 12 Month number: 01 through 12 Minute: 00 through 59 Literal newline character \n Locale's equivalent to AM or PM string Locale's appropriate representation of time (formatted as %I:%M:%S %p in the POSIX locale). Time formatted as %H:%M Seconds: 00 through 61. Leap seconds, through the use of algorithms, are allowed but are not predictable. Whitespace up through literal tab Locale's appropriate representation of time in AM and PM notation (%H:%M:%S in the POSIX locale). Weekday number: 0 (Sunday) through 6 (Saturday) Date formatted as specified by locale Time formatted as specified by locale Year (excluding century). When a century is not otherwise specified (for example, with %C), values in the range 69-99 refer to years in the twentieth century (1969 to 1999, inclusive); values in the range 00-68 refer to years in the twenty-first century (2000 to 2068, inclusive). Year (including century) as ccyy (for example, 1996) Time zone (if any)
If the string parameter specifies the date and time incompletely, the following rules apply: If %Z is being scanned, getdate() initializes the broken-down time to be the current time in the scanned time zone. Otherwise, it initializes the broken-down time based on the current local time as if localtime() had been called. If a year is specified alone, the remainder of the date defaults to January 1. If a month is specified without a day of the month or day of the week, the next month matching that month is used, starting with the current month. The year advances if the matching month is beyond the current year. The day of the month defaults to the 1st. If a day of the week is specified, the next date matching that day is used, starting with the current day. The month advances if the matching day is beyond the end of the current month. The year may advance similarly. In cases 2, 3 and 4, the time of day is not altered unless it is explicitly specified. If time alone is specified, the date defaults to today (the current day), unless the time specified is earlier than now (the current time), in which case the date defaults to tomorrow.
Upon successful completion, the getdate() function returns a pointer to a struct tm. Otherwise, it returns a null pointer and the external variable getdate_err is set to indicate the error.
Upon successful completion, the getdate_r function returns pointer struct tm. Otherwise, NULL is returned and the int value pointed to by the getdate_err pointer is set to indicate the error.
If an error is detected, getdate() will return NULL and set the error number in getdate_err. The possible error numbers and their meanings are listed below. The DATEMSK environment variable is null or undefined. The template file cannot be opened for reading. Failed to get file status information. The template file is not a regular file. An I/O error occurred while reading the template file. Memory allocation failed (not enough memory available). The template does not have a line that matches the input. Invalid input specification (for example, February 31). A time is specified that cannot be represented in a time_t (representing the time in seconds since 00:00:00 UTC, January 1, 1970).
Applications should use %Y (4-digit years) instead of %y (2-digit years).
Functions: ctime(3), ctype(3), setlocale(3), strftime(3)
Standards: standards(5) delim off