truncate, ftruncate - Changes file length
const char *path,
Interfaces documented on this reference page conform to industry standards as follows:
ftruncate(), truncate(): XPG4-UNIX
Refer to the standards(5) reference page for more information about industry standards and associated tags.
Specifies the name of a file that is opened, truncated, and then closed. The path parameter must point to a pathname which names a regular file for which the calling process has write permission. If the path parameter refers to a symbolic link, the length of the file pointed to by the symbolic link is truncated. Specifies the descriptor of a file that must be open for writing. Specifies the new length of the file in bytes.
The truncate() and ftruncate() functions change the length of a file to the size in bytes specified by the length parameter. If the new length is less than the previous length, the truncate() and ftruncate() functions remove all data beyond length bytes from the specified file. All file data between the new end-of-file and the previous end-of-file is discarded. If the new length is greater than the previous length, new file data between the previous end-of-file and the new end-of-file is added, consisting of all zeros.
Full blocks are returned to the file system so that they can be used again, and the file size is changed to the value of the length parameter.
The truncate() and ftruncate() functions have no effect on FIFO special files or directories. These functions do not modify the seek pointer of the file.
Upon successful completion, the truncate() and ftruncate() functions mark the st_ctime and st_mtime fields of the file for update. If the file is a regular file, the ftruncate() and truncate() functions clear the S_ISUID and S_ISGID attributes of the file.
If the file has enforced file locking enabled and there are file locks on the file, the truncate() or ftruncate() function fails.
Upon successful completion, a value of 0 (zero) is returned. If the truncate() or ftruncate() function fails, it returns a value of -1, and errno is set to indicate the error.
The ftruncate() and truncate() functions set errno to the specified values for the following conditions: [Digital] The write operation failed due to an enforced write lock on the file.
In addition, the ftruncate() function sets errno to the specified values for the following conditions: [Digital] Write access permission to the file was denied. The filedes parameter is not a valid file descriptor open for writing. The fildes parameter references a file that was opened without write permission. [Digital] The file resides on a read-only file system.
In addition, the truncate() function fails if errors occur that apply to any service requiring pathname resolution, or if one of the following are true: A component of the path prefix denies search permission, or write permission is denied on the file. The named file is a directory. Too many symbolic links were encountered in resolving path. The size of the pathname exceeds PATH_MAX or a pathname component is longer than NAME_MAX. A component of the specified pathname does not exist, or the path parameter points to an empty string. A component of the path prefix is not a directory. The file resides on a read-only file system.
Functions: chmod(2), fcntl(2), open(2)
Standards: standards(5) delim off