int close (
int filedes );
Specifies a valid open file descriptor.
Interfaces documented on this reference page conform to industry standards as follows:
close(): XPG4, XPG4-UNIX
Refer to the standards(5) reference page for more information about industry standards and associated tags.
The close() function closes the file associated with the filedes parameter.
All regions of a file specified by the filedes parameter that this process has previously locked with the lockf() function are unlocked. This occurs even if the process still has the file open by another file descriptor.
When all file descriptors associated with a pipe or FIFO special file have been closed, any data remaining in the pipe or FIFO is discarded. When all file descriptors associated with an open file descriptor are closed, the open file descriptor is freed. If the link count of the file is 0 (zero) when all file descriptors associated with the file have been closed, the space occupied by the file is freed and the file is no longer accessible.
When the close() function needs to block, only the calling thread is suspended rather than all threads in the calling process.
The last close() for a stream causes the stream associated with fildes to be dismantled. Dismantling includes popping any modules on the stream and closing the driver. If O_NDELAY and O_NONBLOCK are clear and there are no signals posted for the stream, close() waits up to 15 seconds for each module to drain and up to 15 seconds for each driver to drain. If the O_NDELAY or the O_NONBLOCK flag is set or if there are any pending signals, close() does not wait for output to drain, and dismantles the stream immediately. If a STREAMS file is closed, and the calling process had previously registered to receive a SIGPOLL signal [see signal()] for events associated with that file [see I_SETSIG in streamio(7)], the calling process is unregistered for events associated with the file.
Upon successful completion, a value of 0 (zero) is returned. Otherwise, a value of -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.
If the close() function fails, errno may be set to one of the following values: The filedes parameter is not a valid open file descriptor. The close() function was interrupted by a signal which was caught. fildes is on a remote machine and the link to that machine is no longer active.
[Digital] A close() function on an NFS file system waits for all outstanding I/O to complete. If any operation completes with an error, the error will be returned by close(). The possible errors depend on the NFS server implementation, but the most likely errors are: The write has failed because the user's disk block quota is exhausted. Attempted to write a file that exceeds the maximum file size. A read or write physical I/O error. Attempted to write on a full file system.
Functions: exec(2), fcntl(2), lockf(3), open(2), pipe(2), socket(2), streamio(7)
Standards: standards(5) delim off