Content-type: text/html Man page of trans


Section: User Commands (1)
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trans - translation tool for use with source message catalogs  


trans [-c] [-o name] file.msg



Display comment lines beginning with a dollar sign ($) for translation, in addition to messages. Call the output file name. The default is output file name is trans.msg.


The trans command assists in the translation of source message catalogs. The command reads input from file.msg and writes its output to either a file named trans.msg or a file you name on the command line. The command displays file.msg in a multiple window screen that lets you simultaneously see the original message, the translated text you enter, and any messages from the trans command. This multiple window screen is easier to use for translating messages than a single window screen.

The top window in the multiple window screen displays the text in the message source file file.msg. The editor displays the current message in reverse video.

In the center window, trans displays a prompt that asks you to enter a translated message. You use a control key editor to move the cursor and delete text in the center window. The control key sequences are defined as follows:

Key SequenceMeaning

CTRL/kDisplay control key help
CTRL/hBack space
CTRL/lForward space
CTRL/wBack word
CTRL/fForward word
CTRL/eMove to end of input
CTRL/bMove to beginning of input
CTRL/nNext line
CTRL/pPrevious line
CTRL/uDelete input
CTRL/iInsert mode (default)
CTRL/rReplace mode
DELDelete previous character

If you need to span more than one line with the translated text, type a backslash (\) and press the RETURN key to enable line continuation. After you finish entering the translated text, press the RETURN key to signal that you have finished translating that message.

The bottom window displays any messages generated by trans. If an error occurs, trans prompts you to re-enter the entire line, including the message label or number.


Your terminal must be 80 columns by 24 lines for trans to display its three-window screen.

You cannot interrupt a trans session and restart it at the point you stopped. You must complete the all the changes to a file before exiting a file.


extract(1), gencat(1), strextract(1), strmerge(1)

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Time: 02:43:05 GMT, October 02, 2010