Man page of HALT
Section: Linux System Administrator's Manual (8)
Updated: Nov 6, 2001
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halt, reboot, poweroff - stop the system.
Halt notes that the system is being brought down in the file
/var/log/wtmp, and then either tells the kernel to halt, reboot or
power-off the system.
If halt or reboot is called when the system is
not in runlevel 0 or 6, in other words when it's running
normally, shutdown will be invoked instead (with the -h
or -r flag). For more info see the shutdown(8)
The rest of this manpage describes the behaviour in runlevels 0
and 6, that is when the systems shutdown scripts are being run.
Don't sync before reboot or halt. Note that the kernel and storage
drivers may still sync.
Don't actually reboot or halt but only write the wtmp record
(in the /var/log/wtmp file).
Don't write the wtmp record. The -n flag implies -d.
Force halt or reboot, don't call shutdown(8).
Shut down all network interfaces just before halt or reboot.
Put all hard drives on the system in stand-by mode just before halt or power-off.
When halting the system, switch off the power. This is the default when halt is
called as poweroff.
If you're not the superuser, you will get the message `must be superuser'.
Under older sysvinit releases , reboot and halt should
never be called directly. From release 2.74 on halt and reboot
invoke shutdown(8) if the system is not in runlevel 0 or 6. This
means that if halt or reboot cannot find out the current
runlevel (for example, when /var/run/utmp hasn't been initialized
correctly) shutdown will be called, which might not be what you want.
Use the -f flag if you want to do a hard halt or reboot.
The -h flag puts all hard disks in standby mode just before halt
or power-off. Right now this is only implemented for IDE drives. A side
effect of putting the drive in stand-by mode is that the write cache
on the disk is flushed. This is important for IDE drives, since the
kernel doesn't flush the write cache itself before power-off.
The halt program uses /proc/ide/hd* to find all IDE disk devices,
which means that /proc needs to be mounted when halt or
poweroff is called or the -h switch will do nothing.
Miquel van Smoorenburg, firstname.lastname@example.org
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Time: 04:17:50 GMT, September 24, 2010