#include <openssl/bio.h> int BIO_read(BIO *b, void *buf, int len); int BIO_gets(BIO *b,char *buf, int size); int BIO_write(BIO *b, const void *buf, int len); int BIO_puts(BIO *b,const char *buf);
BIO_gets() performs the BIOs ``gets'' operation and places the data in buf. Usually this operation will attempt to read a line of data from the BIO of maximum length len. There are exceptions to this however, for example BIO_gets() on a digest BIO will calculate and return the digest and other BIOs may not support BIO_gets() at all.
BIO_write() attempts to write len bytes from buf to BIO b.
BIO_puts() attempts to write a null terminated string buf to BIO b
One technique sometimes used with blocking sockets is to use a system call (such as select(), poll() or equivalent) to determine when data is available and then call read() to read the data. The equivalent with BIOs (that is call select() on the underlying I/O structure and then call BIO_read() to read the data) should not be used because a single call to BIO_read() can cause several reads (and writes in the case of SSL BIOs) on the underlying I/O structure and may block as a result. Instead select() (or equivalent) should be combined with non blocking I/O so successive reads will request a retry instead of blocking.
See BIO_should_retry(3) for details of how to determine the cause of a retry and other I/O issues.
If the BIO_gets() function is not supported by a BIO then it possible to work around this by adding a buffering BIO BIO_f_buffer(3) to the chain.