Content-type: text/html Man page of accept


Section: X/Open Networking Services Library Functions (3XNET)
Updated: 1 Nov 2003
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accept - accept a new connection on a socket  


cc [ flag ... ] file ... -lxnet [ library ... ]
#include <sys/socket.h>

int accept(int socket, struct sockaddr *restrict address, socklen_t *restrict address_len);  


The accept() function extracts the first connection on the queue of pending connections, creates a new socket with the same socket type protocol and address family as the specified socket, and allocates a new file descriptor for that socket.

The function takes the following arguments:

socket Specifies a socket that was created with socket(3XNET), has been bound to an address with bind(3XNET), and has issued a successful call to listen(3XNET).

address Either a null pointer, or a pointer to a sockaddr structure where the address of the connecting socket will be returned.

address_len Points to a socklen_t which on input specifies the length of the supplied sockaddr structure, and on output specifies the length of the stored address.

If address is not a null pointer, the address of the peer for the accepted connection is stored in the sockaddr structure pointed to by address, and the length of this address is stored in the object pointed to by address_len.

If the actual length of the address is greater than the length of the supplied sockaddr structure, the stored address will be truncated.

If the protocol permits connections by unbound clients, and the peer is not bound, then the value stored in the object pointed to by address is unspecified.

If the listen queue is empty of connection requests and O_NONBLOCK is not set on the file descriptor for the socket, accept() will block until a connection is present. If the listen(3XNET) queue is empty of connection requests and O_NONBLOCK is set on the file descriptor for the socket, accept() will fail and set errno to EAGAIN or EWOULDBLOCK.

The accepted socket cannot itself accept more connections. The original socket remains open and can accept more connections.  


When a connection is available, select(3C) will indicate that the file descriptor for the socket is ready for reading.  


Upon successful completion, accept() returns the nonnegative file descriptor of the accepted socket. Otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.  


The accept() function will fail if:

EWOULDBLOCK O_NONBLOCK is set for the socket file descriptor and no connections are present to be accepted.

EBADF The socket argument is not a valid file descriptor.

ECONNABORTED A connection has been aborted.

EFAULT The address or address_len parameter can not be accessed or written.

EINTR The accept() function was interrupted by a signal that was caught before a valid connection arrived.

EINVAL The socket is not accepting connections.

EMFILE OPEN_MAX file descriptors are currently open in the calling process.

ENFILE The maximum number of file descriptors in the system are already open.

ENOTSOCK The socket argument does not refer to a socket.

EOPNOTSUPP The socket type of the specified socket does not support accepting connections.

The accept() function may fail if:

ENOBUFS No buffer space is available.

ENOMEM There was insufficient memory available to complete the operation.

ENOSR There was insufficient STREAMS resources available to complete the operation.

EPROTO A protocol error has occurred; for example, the STREAMS protocol stack has not been initialized.



See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

Interface StabilityStandard



bind(3XNET), connect(3XNET), listen(3XNET), socket(3XNET), attributes(5), standards(5)




This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 02:38:42 GMT, October 02, 2010