cc [ flag ... ] file ... -lmail [ library ... ] #include <maillock.h>
int maillock(const char *user, int retrycnt);
The maillock() function attempts to create a lockfile for the user's mailfile. If a lockfile already exists, and it has not been modified in the last 5 minutes, maillock() will remove the lockfile and set its own lockfile.
It is crucial that programs locking mail files refresh their locks at least every three minutes to maintain the lock. Refresh the lockfile by calling the touchlock() function with no arguments.
The algorithm used to determine the age of the lockfile takes into account clock drift between machines using a network file system. A zero is written into the lockfile so that the lock will be respected by systems running the standard version of System V.
If the lockfile has been modified in the last 5 minutes the process will sleep until the lock is available. The sleep algorithm is to sleep for 5 seconds times the attempt number. That is, the first sleep will be for 5 seconds, the next sleep will be for 10 seconds, etc. until the number of attempts reaches retrycnt.
When the lockfile is no longer needed, it should be removed by calling mailunlock().
The user argument is the login name of the user for whose mailbox the lockfile will be created. maillock() assumes that user's mailfiles are in the ``standard'' place as defined in <maillock.h>.
Upon successful completion, .maillock() returns 0. Otherwise it returns -1.
/var/mail/* user mailbox files
/var/mail/*.lock user mailbox lockfiles
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
|ATTRIBUTE TYPE||ATTRIBUTE VALUE|
The mailunlock() function will only remove the lockfile created from the most previous call to maillock(). Calling maillock() for different users without intervening calls to mailunlock() will cause the initially created lockfile(s) to remain, potentially blocking subsequent message delivery until the current process finally terminates.