Content-type: text/html Man page of acct.h


Section: Headers (3HEAD)
Updated: 19 May 1994
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acct.h, acct - per-process accounting file format  


#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/acct.h>


Files produced as a result of calling acct(2) have records in the form defined by <sys/acct.h>, whose contents are:


typedef ushort_t  comp_t;   /* pseudo "floating point" representation */
                            /* 3 bit base-8 exponent in the high */
                            /* order bits, and a 13-bit fraction */
                            /* in the low order bits. */

struct  acct
    char   ac_flag;    /* Accounting flag */
    char   ac_stat;    /* Exit status */
    uid_t  ac_uid;     /* Accounting user ID */
    gid_t  ac_gid;     /* Accounting group ID */
    dev_t  ac_tty;     /* control tty */
    time_t ac_btime;   /* Beginning time */
    comp_t ac_utime;   /* accounting user time in clock ticks */
    comp_t ac_stime;   /* accounting system time in clock ticks */
    comp_t ac_etime;   /* accounting total elapsed time in clock ticks */
    comp_t ac_mem;     /* memory usage in clicks (pages) */
    comp_t ac_io;      /* chars transferred by read/write */
    comp_t ac_rw;      /* number of block reads/writes */
    char   ac_comm[8]; /* command name */

 * Accounting Flags

#define AFORK   01    /* has executed fork, but no exec */
#define ASU     02    /* used super-user privileges */
#define ACCTF   0300  /* record type */
#define AEXPND  040   /* Expanded Record Type - default */


In ac_flag, the AFORK flag is turned on by each fork and turned off by an exec. The ac_comm field is inherited from the parent process and is reset by any exec. Each time the system charges the process with a clock tick, it also adds to ac_mem the current process size, computed as follows:

(data size) + (text size) / (number of in-core processes using text)

The value of ac_mem/(ac_stime+ac_utime) can be viewed as an approximation to the mean process size, as modified by text sharing.

The structure tacct, (which resides with the source files of the accounting commands), represents a summary of accounting statistics for the user id ta_uid. This structure is used by the accounting commands to report statistics based on user id.


 *  total accounting (for acct period), also for day
struct tacct {
   uid_t           ta_uid;       /* user id */
   char            ta_name[8];   /* login name */
   float           ta_cpu[2];    /* cum. cpu time in minutes, */
                                 /* p/np (prime/non-prime time) */
   float           ta_kcore[2];  /* cum. kcore-minutes, p/np */
   float           ta_con[2];    /* cum. connect time in minutes, p/np */
   float           ta_du;        /* cum. disk usage (blocks)*/
   long            ta_pc;        /* count of processes */
   unsigned short  ta_sc;        /* count of login sessions */
   unsigned short  ta_dc;        /* count of disk samples */
   unsigned short  ta_fee;       /* fee for special services */


The ta_cpu, ta_kcore, and ta_con members contain usage information pertaining to prime time and non-prime time hours. The first element in each array represents the time the resource was used during prime time hours. The second element in each array represents the time the resource was used during non-prime time hours. Prime time and non-prime time hours may be set in the holidays file (see holidays(4)).

The ta_kcore member is a cumulative measure of the amount of memory used over the accounting period by processes owned by the user with uid ta_uid. The amount shown represents kilobyte segments of memory used, per minute.

The ta_con member represents the amount of time the user was logged in to the system.  


/etc/acct/holidays prime/non-prime time table



acctcom(1), acct(1M), acctcon(1M), acctmerg(1M), acctprc(1M), acctsh(1M), prtacct(1M), runacct(1M), shutacct(1M), acct(2), exec(2), fork(2)  


The ac_mem value for a short-lived command gives little information about the actual size of the command, because ac_mem may be incremented while a different command (for example, the shell) is being executed by the process.




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