int dup(int fildes);
The dup() function returns a new file descriptor having the following in common with the original open file descriptor fildes:
• same open file (or pipe)
• same file pointer (that is, both file descriptors share one file pointer)
• same access mode (read, write or read/write).
The new file descriptor is set to remain open across exec functions (see fcntl(2)).
The file descriptor returned is the lowest one available.
The dup(fildes) function call is equivalent to:
Upon successful completion, a non-negative integer representing the file descriptor is returned. Otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.
The dup() function will fail if:
EBADF The fildes argument is not a valid open file descriptor.
EINTR A signal was caught during the execution of the dup() function.
EMFILE The process has too many open files (see getrlimit(2)).
ENOLINK The fildes argument is on a remote machine and the link to that machine is no longer active.
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
|ATTRIBUTE TYPE||ATTRIBUTE VALUE|
close(2), creat(2), exec(2), fcntl(2), getrlimit(2), open(2), pipe(2), dup2(3C), lockf(3C), attributes(5), standards(5)