Content-type: text/html Man page of ldapaddent


Section: System Administration Commands (1M)
Updated: 5 Jun 2009
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ldapaddent - create LDAP entries from corresponding /etc files  


ldapaddent [-cpv] [-a authenticationMethod] [-b baseDN]
 -D bindDN -w bind_password [-f filename] database

ldapaddent [-cpv] -asasl/GSSAPI [-b baseDN] [-f filename]

ldapaddent -d [-v] [-a authenticationMethod] [-D bindDN]
 [-w bind_password] database



ldapaddent creates entries in LDAP containers from their corresponding /etc files. This operation is customized for each of the standard containers that are used in the administration of Solaris systems. The database argument specifies the type of the data being processed. Legal values for this type are one of aliases, auto_*, bootparams, ethers, group, hosts (including both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses), ipnodes (alias for hosts), netgroup, netmasks, networks, passwd, shadow, protocols, publickey, rpc, and services. In addition to the preceding, the database argument can be one of the RBAC-related files (see rbac(5)):

o /etc/user_attr
o /etc/security/auth_attr
o /etc/security/prof_attr
o /etc/security/exec_attr

By default, ldapaddent reads from the standard input and adds this data to the LDAP container associated with the database specified on the command line. An input file from which data can be read is specified using the -f option.

The entries will be stored in the directory based on the client's configuration, thus the client must be configured to use LDAP naming services. The location where entries are to be written can be overridden by using the -b option.

If the entry to be added exists in the directory, the command displays an error and exits, unless the -c option is used.

Although, there is a shadow database type, there is no corresponding shadow container. Both the shadow and the passwd data is stored in the people container itself. Similarly, data from networks and netmasks databases are stored in the networks container.

The user_attr and audit_user data is stored by default in the people container. The prof_attr and exec_attr data is stored by default in the SolarisProfAttr container.

You must add entries from the passwd database before you attempt to add entries from the shadow database. The addition of a shadow entry that does not have a corresponding passwd entry will fail.

The passwd database must precede both the user_attr and audit_user databases.

For better performance, the recommended order in which the databases should be loaded is as follows:

o passwd database followed by shadow database
o networks database followed by netmasks database
o bootparams database followed by ethers database

Only the first entry of a given type that is encountered will be added to the LDAP server. The ldapaddent command skips any duplicate entries.  


The ldapaddent command supports the following options:

-a authenticationMethod

Specify authentication method. The default value is what has been configured in the profile. The supported authentication methods are:
o simple
o sasl/CRAM-MD5
o sasl/DIGEST-MD5
o sasl/GSSAPI
o tls:simple
o tls:sasl/CRAM-MD5
o tls:sasl/DIGEST-MD5
Selecting simple causes passwords to be sent over the network in clear text. Its use is strongly discouraged. Additionally, if the client is configured with a profile which uses no authentication, that is, either the credentialLevel attribute is set to anonymous or authenticationMethod is set to none, the user must use this option to provide an authentication method. If the authentication method is sasl/GSSAPI, bindDN and bind_password is not required and the hosts and ipnodes fields of /etc/nsswitch.conf must be configured as:

hosts: dns files
ipnodes: dns files

See nsswitch.conf(4).

-b baseDN

Create entries in the baseDN directory. baseDN is not relative to the client's default search base, but rather. it is the actual location where the entries will be created. If this parameter is not specified, the first search descriptor defined for the service or the default container will be used.


Continue adding entries to the directory even after an error. Entries will not be added if the directory server is not responding or if there is an authentication problem.

-D bindDN

Create an entry which has write permission to the baseDN. When used with -d option, this entry only needs read permission.


Dump the LDAP container to the standard output in the appropriate format for the given database.

-f filename

Indicates input file to read in an /etc/ file format.


Process the password field when loading password information from a file. By default, the password field is ignored because it is usually not valid, as the actual password appears in a shadow file.

-w bind_password

Password to be used for authenticating the bindDN. If this parameter is missing, the command will prompt for a password. NULL passwords are not supported in LDAP.

When you use -w bind_password to specify the password to be used for authentication, the password is visible to other users of the system by means of the ps command, in script files or in shell history.





The following operands are supported:


The name of the database or service name. Supported values are: aliases, auto_*, bootparams, ethers, group, hosts (including IPv6 addresses), netgroup, netmasks, networks, passwd, shadow, protocols, publickey, rpc, and services. Also supported are auth_attr, prof_attr, exec_attr, user_attr, and projects.



Example 1 Adding Password Entries to the Directory Server

The following example show how to add password entries to the directory server:

example# ldapaddent -D "cn=directory manager" -w secret \
      -f /etc/passwd passwd

Example 2 Adding Group Entries

The following example shows how to add group entries to the directory server using sasl/CRAM-MD5 as the authentication method:

example# ldapaddent -D "cn=directory manager" -w secret \
     -a "sasl/CRAM-MD5" -f /etc/group group

Example 3 Adding auto_master Entries

The following example shows how to add auto_master entries to the directory server:

example# dapaddent -D "cn=directory manager" -w secret \
     -f /etc/auto_master auto_master

Example 4 Dumping password Entries from the Directory to File

The following examples shows how to dump password entries from the directory to a file foo:

example# ldapaddent -d passwd > foo



The following exit values are returned:


Successful completion.


An error occurred.




Files containing the LDAP configuration of the client. These files are not to be modified manually. Their content is not guaranteed to be human readable. Use ldapclient(1M) to update these files.



See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:



Interface Stability



ldap(1), ldaplist(1), ldapmodify(1), ldapmodrdn(1), ldapsearch(1), idsconfig(1M), ldapclient(1M), suninstall(1M), nsswitch.conf(4), attributes(5)




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Time: 02:37:07 GMT, October 02, 2010