vipw - Edits the /etc/passwd file
You use the vipw command to edit the /etc/passwd file with the editor defined in the EDITOR environment variable. If the variable is not set, the default editor is vi.
The vipw command performs basic consistency checks on the edited file. If a hashed indexed passwd existed previously, the vipw command uses the mkpasswd command to create recreate it.
The command must not be used on systems that use extended security attributes since it cannot set or change them. You must be root to run this command. Only root and security administrators should have execute access to this command.
Since the vipw command cannot effectively change all the attributes of users, it should not be used in a secure environment.
The vipw command accesses the following files, and requires the listed permissions:
To edit the /etc/passwd file, type the following command and add the required line entry: vipw
Specifies the command path
Commands: passwd(1), passwd(4), adduser(8), mkpasswd(8) delim off