tunefs - Tunes an existing UFS file system
/usr/sbin/tunefs [-a maxcontig] [-d rotdelay] [-e maxbpg] [-m minfree] [-o optimization_preference] file_system
Specifies the maximum number of contiguous blocks that will be laid out before forcing a rotational delay (see the -d flag). The default value is 8. Device drivers that can chain several buffers together in a single transfer should set this to the maximum chain length. Specifies the expected time (in milliseconds) to service a transfer completion interrupt and initiate a new transfer on the same disk. It is used to decide how much rotational spacing to place between successive blocks in a file. Indicates the maximum number of blocks any single file can allocate out of a cylinder group before it is forced to begin allocating blocks from another cylinder group. Typically, you set this value to about one quarter of the total blocks in a cylinder group. The intent is to prevent any single file from using up all the blocks in a single cylinder group, thus degrading access times for all files subsequently allocated in that cylinder group. The effect of this limit is to cause big files to do long seeks more frequently than if they were allowed to allocate all the blocks in a cylinder group before seeking elsewhere. For file systems with exclusively large files, this parameter should be set higher. Specifies the percentage of space held back from normal users; the minimum free space threshold. The default value used is 10%. This value can be set to zero, however up to a factor of three in throughput will be lost over the performance obtained at a 10% threshold. Note that if the value is raised above the current usage level, users will be unable to allocate files until enough files have been deleted to get under the higher threshold. Specifies whether the file system should try to minimize the time spent allocating blocks (-o time) or try to minimize the space fragmentation on the disk (-o space). If the value of minfree (see above) is less than 10%, then the file system should optimize for space to avoid running out of full sized blocks. For values of minfree greater than or equal to 10%, fragmentation is unlikely to be problematical, and the file system can be optimized for time.
The tunefs command changes the dynamic parameters of a UFS file system which affect the layout policies. The parameters which are to be changed are indicated by the flags specified.
This program should work on mounted and active file systems. Because the superblock is not kept in the buffer cache, the changes will only take effect if the program is run on unmounted file systems.
The system must be rebooted after the root file system is tuned.
For larger-capacity devices, set minfree to five percent.
The rotdelay value is useful for disks that do not have read-ahead cache, such as the Digital RA-series disks. For disks that have read-ahead cache, set rotdelay to zero.
When you specifiy an optimization preference, it only comes into play in the following circumstances: when a file is growing; when it is not possible to extend a fragment; and when there is a choice between the following paths: Allocating an exact-sized fragment Allocating a full block and freeing the unused portion of the block When you specify an optimization preference, the system will first try that method when it reaches the minimum reserved space specified in minfree. If you specify space optimization, the system will try that, but switch to time optimization when the file continues to grow and fragmentation is less than half of the minimum free reserve. If you specify time optimization, the system will try that, but switch to space optimization when the file growth causes disk fragmentation to reach within two percent of the minimum free reserve.
You must be the root user to use this command.
Specifies the command path
Commands: newfs(8) delim off