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Wototo

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NAME

Wototo, wototo - Introduction to the Thai language standard  

DESCRIPTION

Wototo is the Thai language software standard. It describes Thai characters and their classifications. This standard also describes the methods used to input and output Thai characters.
 

Thai Character Sets

The following two character sets are defined for the Thai language: Basic character set Auxiliary character set

In the basic character set, characters are 8-bit coded and have values from 0 to 255. Character values correspond to the characters defined in standards as follows: Values 0 to 7F correspond to characters from the ISO 646-1983 standard. Values A1 to FB (except for DB, DD and DE) correspond to characters from the TIS 620-2533 standard. Remaining values are reserved for future use.

The encoded form of the basic character set is called the the TACTIS codeset, which is discussed in the TACTIS(5) reference page.

Characters in the auxiliary character set use the code values 32 to 126 and 161 to 254 only. The Wototo standard specifies that implementations provide at least one auxiliary character set.
 

Character Classification

In the TACTIS codeset, characters are organized into different classes. This classification is done only to facilitate processing is not related to Thai linguistic or grammatical rules. The codeset contains the following character classes: Nondisplayable characters that are used for controlling output or data communication. The sixty-six control character values are: 00 to 1F, 7F, 80 to 9F, and FF. The Thai consonants as defined in TIS 620-2533. The five leading vowels as defined in TIS 620-2533. The six following vowels as defined in TIS 620-2533. The two below vowels as defined in TIS 620-2533. The five above vowels as defined in TIS 620-2533. The four tone marks as defined in TIS 620-2533. The four above diacritics as defined in TIS 620-2533. The below diacritic as defined in TIS 620-2533. Those characters that do not fit into preceding five character classes. This group includes 119 characters that users cannot compose with above vowels, below vowels, tone marks, and above and below diacritics. Non-composible characters are divided into the following seven groups: Graphic Characters

The 94 graphic defined in ISO 646-1983. These include: 52 English alphabetic characters 10 digits 32 special characters whose values are 21 to 2F, 3A to 3F, and 7B to 7E Space
Character code value is 20. Nobreak space
Character code value is A0. Thai digits
The 10 Thai digits as defined in TIS 620-2533. Thai special characters
The 6 Thai special characters as defined in TIS 620-2533. Word separator
The word separator as defined in TIS 620-2533. Reserved code points
6 code points reserved for future use.

To better describe Thai input and output methods, characters in the classes FV, BV, AV, and AD are further divided into subclasses. The following list describes character classes and subclasses by the number of characters in the class and their encoded values: Number: 66

Values: 00 to 1F, 7F, 80 to 9F, and FF Number: 119
Values:
20 to 7E (ISO 646-1983 character codes)
A0, CF, DC, DF, E6, EF, F0 to F9, FA, and FB (TIS 620-2533 character codes)
DB, DD, DE FC, FD, and FE (Reserved code points) Number: 44
Values: A1 to C3, C5, and C7 to CE Number: 5
Values: E0, E1, E2, E3, and E4 Number: 3
Values: D0, D2, and D3 Number: 1
Value: E5 Number: 2
Values: C4 and C6
These two characters also behave as leading vowels (LV) in the character sequence LV+CONS. Number: 1
Value: D8 Number: 1
Value: D9 Number: 1
Value: DA Number: 4
Values: E8, E9, EA, and EB Number: 2
Values: ED and EC Number: 1
Value: E7 Number: 1
Value: EE Number: 1
Value: D4 Number: 2
Values: D1 and D6 Number: 2
Values: D5 and D7
 

Character Levels

Thai characters are classified according to different display levels (relative to baseline and nondisplayable). Classification by display levels facilitates the character input procedures. There are five character classification levels. Four levels include displayable characters and one level includes nondisplayable characters, as follows: Nondisplayable level

Includes all control characters in the CTRL class. Base level
Includes all characters in the NON, CONS, FV, and LV classes. Characters at this level are drawn on baseline. Above level
Includes all characters in the AD3, AV1, AV2, and AV3 classes. Characters at this level are drawn immediately above final consonants. Below level
Includes all characters in the BV1, BV2, and BD classes. Characters at this level are drawn immediately below final consonants. Top level
Includes all characters in the TONE, AD1, and AD2 classes. Characters at this level are drawn on top of the characters at the above level. If above level characters do not exist, top level characters are drawn at the above level. Characters at this level also indicate the end of character cells.

The standard specifies that the properties of Thai characters can be tested by using the following functions.

Note

These functions are not implemented in Tru64 UNIX.

Determines the character level class that the character belongs to and returns the numeric value 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4. These return values can be represented by the constants NONDISP, TOP, ABOVE, BASE, or BELOW, respectively. Returns TRUE if a character is alphabetic. Returns TRUE if a character is either alphabetic or a digit. Returns TRUE if a character belongs to the CTRL class. Returns TRUE if the character is a digit. Returns TRUE if the character is not in the NONDISP level class. Returns TRUE if the character is an English lowercase letter (a to z). Returns TRUE if the character is an English uppercase letter (A to Z). Returns TRUE if a character is not in the NONDISP level class. Returns TRUE if the character is a space, formfeed, newline, return, tab, vertical tab, or wordbreak character. Returns TRUE if the character is a hexadecimal digit 0 to 9, A to F, or a to f. (Thai digits are excluded.)
 

Thai Input Methods

The input method for Thai characters directly maps characters to keys, as for English. Thai character sequences are entered character by character and display from left to right, regardless of whether the sequence includes forward characters (characters in the NON, CONS, LV, FV1, FV2, FV3 classes) or dead characters (characters in all other classes). However, the following basic rules apply to the character input sequence: Every display cell must begin with a character on the baseline (in the BASE class). A character in the BASE class that is also in the CONS class may be followed by an above vowel, a below vowel, a tone mark, a below diacritic, or an above diacritic.

For more detailed rules about input sequence rules, refer to the Draft Industrial Standard - Thai Language Software Standard WTT2.0 (Part 2: Thai Input and Output Methods)
 

SEE ALSO

Commands: locale(1)

Others: i18n_intro(5), i18n_printing(5), l10n_intro(5), TACTIS(5), Thai(5)


 

Index

NAME
DESCRIPTION
Thai Character Sets
Character Classification
Character Levels
Thai Input Methods
SEE ALSO

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Time: 02:43:14 GMT, October 02, 2010