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wcsncat

Section: C Library Functions (3)
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NAME

wcsncat, wcsncmp, wcsncpy - Perform operations on wide-character strings with a character count  

LIBRARY

Standard C Library (libc.so, libc.a)  

SYNOPSIS

#include <wchar.h>

wchar_t *wcsncat(
        wchar_t *wcstring1,
        const wchar_t *wcstring2,
        size_t number);

int wcsncmp(
        const wchar_t *wcstring1,
        const wchar_t *wcstring2,
        size_t number);

wchar_t *wcsncpy(
        wchar_t *wcstring1,
        const wchar_t *wcstring2,
        size_t number);  

STANDARDS

Interfaces documented on this reference page conform to industry standards as follows:

wcsncat(), wcsncmp(), wcsncpy(): ISO C, XPG4

Refer to the standards(5) reference page for more information about industry standards and associated tags.  

PARAMETERS

Points to a location containing the first wide-character string. Points to a location containing the second wide-character string. Specifies the number of wide characters in the string operation. In wcsncat(), specifies the maximum number of wide characters to append; in wcsncmp(), specifies the maximum number of wide characters to compare; and, in wcsncpy, specifies the number of wide characters to copy.  

DESCRIPTION

The wcsncat(), wcsncmp(), and wcsncpy() functions operate on null-terminated, wide-character strings.

The wcsncat() function appends wide characters from the wcstring2 parameter to the end of the wcstring1 parameter. The initial character of the wcstring2 parameter overwrites the terminating null wide character of the wcstring1 parameter. The wcsncat() function appends characters until it encounters a null wide character in wcstring2 or appends, at most, the number of characters specified by the value of the number parameter. The function then appends a null wide character to the result and returns wcstring1. When operating on strings stored in fields that overlap, the behavior of this function is unreliable.

The wcsncmp() function compares the wide characters in the wcstring1 parameter to the wcstring2 parameter. The wcsncmp() function compares wide characters until it has compared number wide characters or until it has reached a terminating null wide character. The function compares, at most, the number of wide characters specified by the value of the number parameter. When operating on strings stored in fields that overlap, the behavior of this function is unreliable.

The wcsncmp() function compares strings based on the machine collating order. It does not use the locale-dependent sorting order. Use the wcscoll() function for locale-dependent sorting.

The wcsncpy() function copies wide characters from the wcstring2 parameter to the wcstring1 parameter and returns wcstring1. The function copies the number of wide characters specified by the value of the number parameter. If wcstring2 is shorter than number characters, wcstring1 is padded out to number characters with null wide characters. However, if there is no null wide character in the first number characters of the wcstring2 array, the result in the wcstring1 array is not null terminated.  

RETURN VALUES

On successful completion, the wcsncat() and wcsncpy() functions return a pointer to the resulting string, wcstring1.

On successful completion, the wcsncmp() function returns an integer whose value is greater than 0 (zero) if wcstring1 is greater than wcstring2, returns 0 (zero) if the strings are equivalent, and returns an integer whose value is less than 0 (zero) if wcstring1 is less than wcstring2.

No return value is reserved to indicate an error condition for any of these functions.  

RELATED INFORMATION

Functions: strncat(3), wcscat(3), wcschr(3), wcscoll(3), wcslen(3), wcsspn(3)

Standards: standards(5) delim off


 

Index

NAME
LIBRARY
SYNOPSIS
STANDARDS
PARAMETERS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUES
RELATED INFORMATION

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Time: 02:41:28 GMT, October 02, 2010