int sem_init (
unsigned int value);
The sem_init function creates a new counting semaphore with a specific value. A semaphore is used to limit access to a critical resource. When a process requires access to the resource without interference from other processes, it attempts to establish a connection with the associated semaphore. If the semaphore value is greater than zero, the connection is established and the semaphore value is decremented by one. If the semaphore value is less than or equal to zero, the process attempting to access the resource is blocked and must wait for another process to release the semaphore and increment the semaphore value.
The sem_init function establishes a connection between an unnamed semaphore and a process; the sem_wait and sem_trywait functions lock the semaphore; and the sem_post function unlocks the semaphore. Use the sem_destroy function to deallocate system resources allocated to the process for use with the semaphore. You can use the sem_getvalue function to get the value of a semaphore.
A semaphore created by a call to the sem_init function remains valid until the semaphore is removed by a call to the sem_destroy function.
On successful completion, the sem_init function creates the semaphore; otherwise, the function returns the value -1 and sets errno to indicate the error.
The sem_init function fails under the following conditions:
Functions: sem_destroy(3), sem_post(3), sem_trywait(3),sem_wait(3) delim off