Content-type: text/html Man page of gethostbyaddr

gethostbyaddr

Section: C Library Functions (3)
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NAME

gethostbyaddr, gethostbyaddr_r - Gets a network host entry by address  

LIBRARY

Standard C Library (libc.so, libc.a)  

SYNOPSIS

#include <netdb.h>

struct hostent *gethostbyaddr(        const void *addr,
       size_t len,
       int type) ;

[DIGITAL]  The following obsolete function is supported in order to maintain backward compatibility with previous versions of the operating system. You should not use it in new designs. int *gethostbyaddr_r(        const char *addr,
       int len,
       int type,
       struct hostent *hptr,
       struct hostent_data *hdptr);

[DIGITAL]  The following definition of the gethostbyaddr() function does not conform to current standards and is supported only for backward compatibility (see standards(5)): struct hostent *gethostbyaddr(        const char *addr,
       int len,
       int type) ;
 

STANDARDS

Interfaces documented on this reference page conform to industry standards as follows:

gethostbyaddr(): XNS4.0

Refer to the standards(5) reference page for more information about industry standards and associated tags.  

PARAMETERS

Specifies an Internet address in network order. Specifies the number of bytes in an Internet address. Specifies the Internet domain address format. The value AF_INET must be used. [DIGITAL]  Is data for the host database. The netdb.h header file defines the hostent_data structure. [DIGITAL]  Points to the hostent structure. The netdb.h header file defines the hostent structure.  

DESCRIPTION

The gethostbyname() function returns a pointer to a structure of type hostent. Its members specify data obtained from either the local /etc/hosts file or one of the files distributed by BIND or NIS. To determine which file or files to search, and in which order, the system uses the switches in the /etc/svc.conf file. The netdb.h header file defines the hostent structure.

The gethostbyaddr() function searches the network host database sequentially until a match with the addr and type parameters occurs. The len parameter must specify the number of bytes in an Internet address. The address parameter must specify the address in network order. The type parameter must be the constant AF_INET, which specifies the Internet address format. When EOF (End-of-File) is reached without a match, an error value is returned.

If using BIND, the information is obtained from a name server specified in the /etc/resolv.conf file. When the name server is not running, the gethostbyaddr() function searches the local hosts name file.

Use the endhostent() function to close the /etc/hosts file.  

NOTES

The gethostbyaddr() function returns a pointer to thread-specific data. Subsequent calls to this or a related function from the same thread overwrite this data.

[DIGITAL]  The gethostbyaddr_r() function is an obsolete reentrant version of the gethostbyaddr() function. It is supported in order to maintain backward compatibility with previous versions of the operating system and should not be used in new designs. Note that you must zero-fill the hdptr structure before its first access by the gethostbyaddr_r() function.  

RETURN VALUES

Upon successful completion, the gethostbyaddr() function returns a pointer to a hostent structure. If it reaches the end of the network hostname database, it returns a null pointer.

[DIGITAL]  Upon successful completion, the gethostbyaddr_r() function stores the hostent structure in hptr, and returns a value of 0 (zero). Upon failure, it returns a value of -1.  

ERRORS

If the gethostbyaddr() or gethostbyaddr_r() function call fails, h_errno is set to one of the following values: Host is unknown. The server recognized the request and the name, but no address is available for the name. Another type of name server request may be successful. An unexpected server failure occurred. This is a nonrecoverable error. A transient error occurred, for example, the server did not respond. A retry at some later time may be successful.

[DIGITAL]  If any of the following conditions occurs, the gethostbyaddr_r() function sets errno to the corresponding value: The name, hptr, or hdptr is invalid, or type is not AF_INET.  

FILES

This file is the DARPA Internet network hostname database. Each record in the file occupies a single line and has three fields consisting of the host address, official hostname, and aliases. The resolver configuration file. The database service selection configuration file.  

RELATED INFORMATION

Functions: endhostent(3), gethostbyname(3), sethostent(3).

Files: hosts(4), resolv.conf(4), svc.conf(4).

Networks: bind_intro(7), nis_intro(7).

Standards: standards(5) delim off


 

Index

NAME
LIBRARY
SYNOPSIS
STANDARDS
PARAMETERS
DESCRIPTION
NOTES
RETURN VALUES
ERRORS
FILES
RELATED INFORMATION

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Time: 02:41:44 GMT, October 02, 2010