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end

Section: C Library Functions (3)
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NAME

end, _end, _ebss, etext, _etext, edata, _edata, eprol, _ftext, _fdata, _fbss, _procedure_table, _procedure_table_size, _procedure_string_table, __istart, __fstart, _DYNAMIC, _DYNAMIC_LINK, _BASE_ADDRESS, _GOT_OFFSET, _cobol_main - locations in program and definitions in runtime procedure table  

SYNOPSIS

extern unsigned long end; extern unsigned long _end; extern unsigned long _ebss;
        /* First address above a program's */
        /* uninitialized data region */

extern unsigned long etext; extern unsigned long _etext;
        /* First address above the text region */

extern unsigned long edata; extern unsigned long _edata;
        /* First address above the initialized */
        /*data region */

extern unsigned long eprol;
        /* First instruction of the user's program */
        /* that follows the runtime startup routine */

extern unsigned long _ftext;
        /* Start address of the text region */

extern unsigned long _fdata;
        /* First address of the initialized data */
        /* region */

extern unsigned long _fbss;
        /* Start address of the uninitialized data */
        /* region */

extern unsigned long _procedure_table; extern unsigned long _procedure_table_size; extern unsigned long _procedure_string_table;
        /* See under DESCRIPTION */

extern unsigned long __istart;
        /* Start address of the program's */
        /* initialization function driver routine */

extern unsigned long __fstart;
        /* Start address of the program's */
        /* termination function driver routine */

extern unsigned long _DYNAMIC;
        /* Address of a shared object's dynamic */
        /* header table */

extern unsigned long _DYNAMIC_LINK;
        /* Identifies the link type of a program */
        /* or shared library.  0 for non_shared, */
        /* 1 for call_shared and 2 for shared */

extern unsigned long _BASE_ADDRESS;
        /* First mapped address of a program or */
        /* shared library */

extern unsigned long _GOT_OFFSET;
        /* Address of the global offset table in */
        /* a shared program or shared library */

extern unsigned long _cobol_main
        /* Address of the main routine in a cobol */
        /* program */  

DESCRIPTION

These names refer neither to routines nor to locations with interesting contents except for _procedure_table, _procedure_string_table, and, for Tru64 UNIX, __istart and __fstart. Except for eprol, these are all names of linker-defined symbols.

Note that the end, etext, and edata symbols are not defined when you compile in ANSI mode.

When execution begins, the program break coincides with _end, but it is reset by the routines brk(2), malloc(3), standard input/output, the profile (-p) option of cc(1), etc. The current value of the program break is reliably returned by "sbrk(0)"; (see brk(2)).

The linker-defined symbols _procedure_table, _procedure_table_size, and _procedure_string_table refer to the data structures of the runtime procedure table. Because these are linker-defined symbols, the data structures are built by ld(1) only if they are referenced.

See the include file sym.h for the definition of the runtime procedure table, and see the include file exception.h for its uses.

These symbols are all absolute symbols; the value of each symbol is its address (for example, "&_procedure_table_size"). Any reference to the symbol itself will attempt to access the symbol's value as if it were a valid address and will most likely result in an access violation.

All of these symbols except for end, _end, eprol, __istart, and _cobol_main are defined as local symbols in an executable or shared library's dynamic symbol table. Consequently, an executable or shared library can only reference its own definitions of these local symbols.  

RELATED INFORMATION

brk(2), malloc(3). delim off


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RELATED INFORMATION

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Time: 02:41:31 GMT, October 02, 2010