Content-type: text/html Man page of split

split

Section: User Commands (1)
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NAME

split - Splits a file into pieces  

SYNOPSIS


 

Current syntax

split [-l line_count] [-a suffix_length] [file|-] [prefix]

split -b n[k|m] [-a suffix_length] [file|-] [prefix]


 

Obsolescent syntax

split [-number] [-a suffix_length] [file|-] [prefix]


 

STANDARDS

Interfaces documented on this reference page conform to industry standards as follows:

split:  XPG4, XPG4-UNIX

Refer to the standards(5) reference page for more information about industry standards and associated tags.
 

OPTIONS

Uses suffix_length letters to form the suffix portion of the file names of the split file. If -a is not specified, the default suffix length is two letters. If the sum of the prefix and the suffix arguments would create a file name exceeding NAME_MAX bytes, an error occurs. In this case, split exits with a diagnostic message and no files are created. Split a file into pieces n bytes in size. Split a file into pieces n kilobytes (1024 bytes) in size. Split a file into pieces n megabytes (1048576 bytes) in size. Specifies the number of lines in each output file. The line_count argument is an unsigned decimal integer. The default value is 1000. If the input does not end with a newline character, the partial line is included in the last output file. Specifies the number of lines in each output file. The default is 1000 lines per output file. If the input does not end with a newline character, the partial line is included in the last output file. (Obsolescent)
 

OPERANDS

The pathname of the file to be split.

If you do not specify an input file, or if you specify -, the standard input is used.
 

DESCRIPTION

The split command reads file and writes it in number-line pieces (default 1000 lines) to a set of output files.

The size of the output files can be modified by using the -b or -l options. Each output file is created with a unique suffix consisting of exactly suffix lowercase letters from the POSIX locale. The letters of the suffix are used as if they were a base-26 digit system, with the first suffix to be created consisting of all a characters, the second with b replacing the last a etc., until a name of all zs is created. By default, the names of the output files are x, followed by a two-character suffix from the character set as described above, starting with aa, ab, ac, etc., and continuing until the suffix zz, for a maximum of 676 files.

The value of prefix cannot be longer than the value of NAME_MAX from <limits.h> minus two.

If the number of files required is greater than the maximum allowed by the effective suffix length (such that the last allowable file would be larger than the requested size), split fails after creating the last possible file with a valid suffix. The split command will not delete the files it created with valid suffixes. If the file limit is not exceeded, the last file created contains the remainder of the input file and thus might be smaller than the requested size.
 

EXIT STATUS

The following exit values are returned: Successful completion. An error occurred.
 

EXAMPLES

To split a file into 1000-line segments, enter: split book

This splits book into 1000-line segments named xaa, xab, xac, and so forth. To split a file into 50-line segments and specify the file name prefix, enter: split -l50 book sect
This splits book into 50-line segments named sectaa, sectab, sectac, and so forth.
 

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

The following environment variables affect the execution of split: Provides a default value for the internationalization variables that are unset or null. If LANG is unset or null, the corresponding value from the default locale is used. If any of the internationalization variables contain an invalid setting, the utility behaves as if none of the variables had been defined. If set to a non-empty string value, overrides the values of all the other internationalization variables. Determines the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of text data as characters (for example, single-byte as opposed to multibyte characters in arguments and input files). Determines the locale for the format and contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error. Determines the location of message catalogues for the processing of LC_MESSAGES.
 

SEE ALSO

Commands:  bfs(1), csplit(1)

Standards:  standards(5)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
Current syntax
Obsolescent syntax
STANDARDS
OPTIONS
OPERANDS
DESCRIPTION
EXIT STATUS
EXAMPLES
ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
SEE ALSO

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Time: 02:42:49 GMT, October 02, 2010