Content-type: text/html Man page of pick

pick

Section: User Commands (1)
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NAME

pick - select messages by content (only available within the message handling system, mh)  

SYNOPSIS

pick [+folder] [msgs] [options]


 

OPTIONS

Searches for messages sent after the specified date. This command can be used with pattern-matching options, and also in conjunction with the -before option to specify a date range. The date must be enclosed in double quotes ("). This option accepts RFC 822-style dates. It also accepts days of the week, and the special dates today and yesterday. Days of the week always refer to days in the past; for example, saturday refers to last Saturday, not to next Saturday. If you specify a day of the week or a special date, pick counts days as 24-hour periods relative to the current day and time. For example, if it is 9:30 A.M. on 11 July 1995 and you specify -after yesterday, the pick command finds messages sent after 24 hours ago, or 9:30 A.M. on 10 July 1995.

By default, pick consults the Date: field of the message. If you wish to use the date in another header field, you can specify this with the -datefield option. Searches for messages sent before the specified date. This command can be used with pattern-matching options, and also in conjunction with the -after option to specify a date range. The date must be enclosed in double quotes ("). This option accepts RFC 822-style dates.
It also accepts days of the week, and the special dates today, tomorrow, and yesterday. Days of the week always refer to days in the past; for example, saturday refers to last Saturday, not to next Saturday. If you specify a day of the week or a special date, pick counts days as 24-hour periods relative to the current day and time. For example, if it is 9:30 A.M. on 11 July 1995 and you specify -before yesterday, the pick command finds messages sent before 24 hours ago, or 9:30 A.M. on 10 July 1995.
By default, pick consults the Date: field of the message. If you wish to use the date in another header field, you can specify this with the -datefield option. Searches for the specified pattern in the cc: field of messages. This option is case-insensitive: lower- and upper-case letters are treated as identical. So a search for the pattern phillips would also find Phillips and PHILLIPS. If the pattern contains spaces, you must enclose it in double quotes ("). Searches for messages sent on a specified date. This option consults the Date: field of messages. You must enclose the date that you give in double quotes (") if it contains spaces. Specifies the header field to be used by the -before and -after options. By default, these options consult the Date: field of the message header. You can specify a different header field by naming it with this option. The -datefield option must precede the -before or -after options it is used with. Searches for the specified pattern in the From: field of messages. This option is case-insensitive: lower- and upper-case letters are treated as identical. So a search for the pattern phillips would also find Phillips and PHILLIPS. If the pattern contains spaces, you must enclose it in double quotes ("). Prints a list of the valid options to this command. The -list option lists the numbers of the messages that have met the search criteria. This is the usual default behavior of pick. If you use the -nolist option, pick indicates how many messages met the search criteria.
If you use the -sequence option to add the messages found to a sequence, the default behavior is to use the -nolist option. Sets the read permissions of sequences. Normally, when you create a sequence with the -sequence option, the sequence will not be accessible to other MH users. The -public option makes the sequence accessible to other MH users. You can use the -nopublic option to ensure that the sequence that you create is only accessible to yourself. Searches the entire message for the specified string. Each line of the message is searched for the pattern that you specify. The -search option is a modified grep(1). Like grep, this option is case-sensitive; it treats upper- and lower-case letters as different. So a search for the word strawberries would not find a messages which contained the word STRAWBERRIES. If the search pattern contains spaces, you must enclose it in double quotes ("). Specifies a sequence in which pick places the messages found. For more information on sequences, see mark(1). The name of the sequence must begin with a letter, and must consist entirely of alphabetic or numeric characters; no punctuation is allowed. Searches for the specified pattern in the Subject: field of messages. This option is case-insensitive: lower- and upper-case letters are treated as identical. So a search for the pattern phillips would also find Phillips and PHILLIPS. If the pattern contains spaces, you must enclose it in double quotes ("). Searches for the specified pattern in the To: field of messages. This option is case-insensitive: lower- and upper-case letters are treated as identical. So a search for the pattern phillips would also find Phillips and PHILLIPS. If the pattern contains spaces, you must enclose it in double quotes ("). Specifies whether to zero existing sequences before adding new messages. Normally, pick removes all existing messages from a sequence before adding messages to it. If you specify the -nozero option, pick will add the messages it finds to the existing contents of the sequence. This option only works with the -sequence option. Searches a specified header field. If you wish to search for a pattern in a particular header field, you can specify the field by placing two dashes (-) before the name of the field. This option is case-insensitive: lower- and upper-case letters are treated as identical. So a search for the pattern phillips would also find Phillips and PHILLIPS. If the pattern contains spaces, you must enclose it in double quotes (").
The pick command recognizes the following common header fields: To:, cc:, Date:, From:, and Subject:. You can search these fields by preceding the name with one dash only.

In addition to the above options, you can direct pick to start its search a specified number of days ago. To do this, precede the number of days with a dash (-). The pick command counts days as 24-hour periods relative to the current day and time. For example, if it is 9:30 A.M. on 11 July 1995 and you specify -10, the following pick command finds messages sent before 240 hours ago, or 9:30 A.M. on 30 June 1995: % pick -subject strawberries -10 1 6

The pick command also supports complex boolean operations. The -not, -or and -and options allow you to modify the behavior of pattern-matching options. In the following command, the -not option means that pick searches for messages that were not from fred: % pick -not -from fred

In the next example, the -or option finds all messages from fred or from david. If the -or option is not used, pick searches for messages with both the string fred and the string david in the From: field. % pick -from fred -or -from david

The pattern-matching options normally take precedence over -not, which in turn takes precedence over -and, which in turn takes precedence over -or.

You can override the default precedence with the -lbrace and -rbrace options. These act just like opening and closing parentheses in logical expressions.
 

DESCRIPTION

The pick command lets you search messages in a folder on a diverse range of search criteria.

You can search the mail headers or the text of some or all of the messages within a folder for the specified criteria. You can use pattern matching or date constraint operations. You can use the messages that you find with other MH commands, or you can place them in a sequence.

By default, pick searches all the messages in the current folder. You can specify a folder other than the current folder using the +foldername option. Also, if you do not want to search all messages within the folder, you can specify more than one message or a range of messages using the message numbers.

You can search on the contents of the most common header fields by giving the name of the field as an option, preceded by a dash (-). The pick command allows you to specify the following header fields in this way: To:, cc:, Date:, From:, and Subject:. You can also search the contents of any other header field by preceding the name of the field with two dashes.

The pick also allows you to introduce time constraints. You can search for messages sent before, after, or between specified dates.
 

Combining pick with Other Commands

You can combine the output of pick directly with any MH command. by using a technique called back-quoting. Enclose the pick command and its associated arguments and options in back quotes (`). The system performs back-quoted commands first. In the following example, the pick command is performed first, and the output is then listed by the scan command: % scan `pick -from jones`
    3  16/01 jones              Meeting 10.00 tomorrow<<There wi
   17  22/01 jones              Minutes of meeting 16/1<<Any com
   21  01/02 jones              Next week's meeting canceled<<T

If pick finds that there is no mail from Jones, it will output the illegal character 0. This will cause the scan command to fail gracefully.

You can use back-quoting to combine pick with any MH command. For more information on back-quoting, see the reference page for your shell; for example, csh(1) or sh(1).
 

RESTRICTIONS

The sequence name, punctuation and message list must not exceed 1024 characters. In practice, this gives a reasonable limit of approximately 200 non-consecutive messages in a sequence.
 

PROFILE COMPONENTS

Path: To determine your Mail directory
 

EXAMPLES

The first example finds all the mail in the current folder that was sent by Christine: % pick -from christine 1 3 8 In the next example, pick searches messages 10-20 in the +sent folder for messages that were sent to Kafka: % pick +sent 10-20 -to Kafka pick: no messages match specification The next example finds all messages from Jack, and places them in a sequence called testing: % pick -from Jack -sequence testing 3 hits The next example finds all messages sent to Holloway since 10th June: % pick -to holloway -after "10 Jun 1990" 19


 

FILES

The user profile.
 

SEE ALSO

csh(1), ed(1), grep(1), sh(1), inc(1), mark(1)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
OPTIONS
DESCRIPTION
Combining pick with Other Commands
RESTRICTIONS
PROFILE COMPONENTS
EXAMPLES
FILES
SEE ALSO

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 02:43:01 GMT, October 02, 2010