-l, --allow-tell Allow learning/reporting -c, --create-prefs Create user preferences files -C path, --configpath=path Path for default config files --siteconfigpath=path Path for site configs --cf='config line' Additional line of configuration -d, --daemonize Daemonize -h, --help Print usage message -i [ipaddr], --listen-ip=ipaddr Listen on the IP ipaddr --ipv4only, --ipv4-only, --ipv4 Disable attempted use of ipv6 for DNS -p port, --port=port Listen on specified port -m num, --max-children=num Allow maximum num children --min-children=num Allow minimum num children --min-spare=num Lower limit for number of spare children --max-spare=num Upper limit for number of spare children --max-conn-per-child=num Maximum connections accepted by child before it is respawned --round-robin Use traditional prefork algorithm --timeout-tcp=secs Connection timeout for client headers --timeout-child=secs Connection timeout for message checks -q, --sql-config Enable SQL config (needs -x) -Q, --setuid-with-sql Enable SQL config (needs -x, enables use of -H) --ldap-config Enable LDAP config (needs -x) --setuid-with-ldap Enable LDAP config (needs -x, enables use of -H) --virtual-config-dir=dir Enable pattern based Virtual configs (needs -x) -r pidfile, --pidfile Write the process id to pidfile -s facility, --syslog=facility Specify the syslog facility --syslog-socket=type How to connect to syslogd -u username, --username=username Run as username -g groupname, --groupname=groupname Run as groupname -v, --vpopmail Enable vpopmail config -x, --nouser-config Disable user config files --auth-ident Use ident to authenticate spamc user --ident-timeout=timeout Timeout for ident connections -A host,..., --allowed-ips=..,.. Limit ip addresses which can connect -D, --debug[=areas] Print debugging messages (for areas) -L, --local Use local tests only (no DNS) -P, --paranoid Die upon user errors -H [dir], --helper-home-dir[=dir] Specify a different HOME directory --ssl Run an SSL server --ssl-port port Listen on port for SSL connections --ssl-version sslversion Specify SSL protocol version to use --server-key keyfile Specify an SSL keyfile --server-cert certfile Specify an SSL certificate --socketpath=path Listen on given UNIX domain socket --socketowner=name Set UNIX domain socket file's owner --socketgroup=name Set UNIX domain socket file's group --socketmode=mode Set UNIX domain socket file's mode -V, --version Print version and exit
This is intended to be used alongside "spamc", a fast, low-overhead C client program.
See the README file in the "spamd" directory of the SpamAssassin distribution for more details.
Note: Although "spamd" will check per-user config files for every message, any changes to the system-wide config files will require either restarting spamd or forcing it to reload itself via SIGHUP for the changes to take effect.
Note: If "spamd" receives a SIGHUP, it internally reloads itself, which means that it will change its pid and might not restart at all if its environment changed (ie. if it can't change back into its own directory). If you plan to use SIGHUP, you should always start "spamd" with the -r switch to know its current pid.
Note that spamd always trusts the username passed in (unless --auth-ident is used) so clients could maliciously learn messages for other users. (This is not ususally a concern with an SQL Bayes store as users will typically have read-write access directly to the database, and can also use "sa-learn" with the -u option to achieve the same result.)
If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port is not supplied, then this port will be used to accept SSL connections instead of unencrypted connections. If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port is set, then unencrypted connections will be accepted on the --port at the same time as encrypted connections are accepted at --ssl-port.
If your spamc client does not support sending the "User:" header, like "exiscan", then the SQL username used will always be nobody.
This inhibits the setuid() behavior, so the "-u" option is required. If you want the setuid() behaviour, use "-Q" or "--setuid-with-sql" instead.
Like "--sql-config", this disables the setuid behavior, and requires "-u". If you want it, use "--setuid-with-ldap" instead.
So for example, if "/vhome/users/%u/spamassassin" is specified, and spamc sends a virtual username of "[email protected]", the directory "/vhome/users/[email protected]/spamassassin" will be used.
The set of characters allowed in the virtual username for this path are restricted to:
A-Z a-z 0-9 - + _ . , @ =
All others will be replaced by underscores ("_").
This path must be a writable directory. It will be created if it does not already exist. If a file called user_prefs exists in this directory (note: not in a ".spamassassin" subdirectory!), it will be loaded as the user's preferences. The Bayes databases for that user will be stored in this directory.
Note that this requires that -x is used, and cannot be combined with SQL- or LDAP-based configuration.
The pattern must expand to an absolute directory when spamd is running daemonized (-d).
Currently, use of this without -u is not supported. This inhibits setuid.
Currently, use of this without -u is not supported. This inhibits setuid.
spamd -s mail # use syslog, facility mail (default)
spamd -s ./mail # log to file ./mail
spamd -s stderr 2>/dev/null # log to stderr, throw messages away
spamd -s null # the same as above
spamd -s file # log to file ./spamd.log
spamd -s /var/log/spamd.log # log to file /var/log/spamd.log
If logging to a file is enabled and that log file is rotated, the spamd server must be restarted with a SIGHUP. (If the log file is just truncated, this is not needed but still recommended.)
Note that logging to a file does not use locking, so you cannot intermix logging from spamd and other processes into the same file. If you want to mix logging like this, use syslog instead.
If you use syslog logging, it is essential to send a SIGHUP to the spamd daemon when you restart the syslogd daemon. (This is due to a shortcoming in Perl's syslog handling, where the disappearance of the connection to the syslogd is considered a fatal error.)
Some platforms, or versions of perl, are shipped with dysfunctional versions of the Sys::Syslog package which do not support some socket types, so you may need to set this. If you get error messages regarding __PATH_LOG or similar from spamd, try changing this setting.
The socket type "file" is used internally and should not be specified. Use the "-s" switch instead.
Note: ``--username=root'' is not a valid option. If specified, "spamd" will exit with a fatal error on startup.
This option does not disable or otherwise influence the SQL, LDAP or Virtual Config Dir settings.
-A 10.11.12.13 --- only allow connections from 10.11.12.13.
-A 10.11.12.13,10.11.12.14 --- only allow connections from 10.11.12.13 and 10.11.12.14.
-A 10.200.300.0/24 --- allow connections from any machine in the range "10.200.300.*".
-A 10. --- allow connections from any machine in the range "10.*.*.*".
By default, connections are only accepted from localhost [127.0.0.1].
spamassassin -D bayes,learn,dns
Higher priority informational messages that are suitable for logging in normal circumstances are available with an area of ``info''.
For more information about which areas (also known as channels) are available, please see the documentation at:
Incoming connections can still occur if all of the children are busy, however those connections will be queued waiting for a free child. The minimum value is 1, the default value is 5.
Please note that there is a OS specific maximum of connections that can be queued (Try "perl -MSocket -e'print SOMAXCONN'" to find this maximum).
Note that if you run too many servers for the amount of free RAM available, you run the danger of hurting performance by causing a high swap load as server processes are swapped in and out continually.
If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port is not supplied, then --port port will be used to accept SSL connections instead of unencrypted connections. If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port is set, then unencrypted connections will be accepted on the --port, at the same time as encrypted connections are accepted at --ssl-port.
Warning: the Perl support on BSD platforms for UNIX domain sockets seems to have a bug regarding paths of over 100 bytes or so (SpamAssassin bug 4380). If you see a 'could not find newly-created UNIX socket' error message, and the path appears truncated, this may be the cause. Try using a shorter path to the socket.
By default, use of --socketpath will inhibit SSL connections and unencrypted TCP connections. To enable them, specify --port and/or --ssl-port explicitly.