Content-type: text/html Man page of Thread::Semaphore

Thread::Semaphore

Section: Perl Programmers Reference Guide (3perl)
Updated: 2007-12-18
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

Thread::Semaphore - thread-safe semaphores  

SYNOPSIS

    use Thread::Semaphore;
    my $s = new Thread::Semaphore;
    $s->down;   # Also known as the semaphore P operation.
    # The guarded section is here
    $s->up;     # Also known as the semaphore V operation.

    # The default semaphore value is 1.
    my $s = new Thread::Semaphore($initial_value);
    $s->down($down_value);
    $s->up($up_value);

 

DESCRIPTION

Semaphores provide a mechanism to regulate access to resources. Semaphores, unlike locks, aren't tied to particular scalars, and so may be used to control access to anything you care to use them for.

Semaphores don't limit their values to zero or one, so they can be used to control access to some resource that there may be more than one of. (For example, filehandles.) Increment and decrement amounts aren't fixed at one either, so threads can reserve or return multiple resources at once.  

FUNCTIONS AND METHODS

new
new NUMBER
"new" creates a new semaphore, and initializes its count to the passed number. If no number is passed, the semaphore's count is set to one.
down
down NUMBER
The "down" method decreases the semaphore's count by the specified number, or by one if no number has been specified. If the semaphore's count would drop below zero, this method will block until such time that the semaphore's count is equal to or larger than the amount you're "down"ing the semaphore's count by.

This is the semaphore ``P operation'' (the name derives from the Dutch word ``pak'', which means ``capture'' --- the semaphore operations were named by the late Dijkstra, who was Dutch).

up
up NUMBER
The "up" method increases the semaphore's count by the number specified, or by one if no number has been specified. This will unblock any thread blocked trying to "down" the semaphore if the "up" raises the semaphore count above the amount that the "down"s are trying to decrement it by.

This is the semaphore ``V operation'' (the name derives from the Dutch word ``vrij'', which means ``release'').


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS AND METHODS

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 04:14:18 GMT, September 24, 2010