#include <openssl/pkcs7.h> PKCS7 *PKCS7_sign(X509 *signcert, EVP_PKEY *pkey, STACK_OF(X509) *certs, BIO *data, int flags);
The data to be signed is read from BIO data.
flags is an optional set of flags.
Many S/MIME clients expect the signed content to include valid MIME headers. If the PKCS7_TEXT flag is set MIME headers for type text/plain are prepended to the data.
If PKCS7_NOCERTS is set the signer's certificate will not be included in the PKCS7 structure, the signer's certificate must still be supplied in the signcert parameter though. This can reduce the size of the signature if the signers certificate can be obtained by other means: for example a previously signed message.
The data being signed is included in the PKCS7 structure, unless PKCS7_DETACHED is set in which case it is omitted. This is used for PKCS7 detached signatures which are used in S/MIME plaintext signed messages for example.
Normally the supplied content is translated into MIME canonical format (as required by the S/MIME specifications) if PKCS7_BINARY is set no translation occurs. This option should be used if the supplied data is in binary format otherwise the translation will corrupt it.
The signedData structure includes several PKCS#7 autenticatedAttributes including the signing time, the PKCS#7 content type and the supported list of ciphers in an SMIMECapabilities attribute. If PKCS7_NOATTR is set then no authenticatedAttributes will be used. If PKCS7_NOSMIMECAP is set then just the SMIMECapabilities are omitted.
If present the SMIMECapabilities attribute indicates support for the following algorithms: triple DES, 128 bit RC2, 64 bit RC2, DES and 40 bit RC2. If any of these algorithms is disabled then it will not be included.
If the flags PKCS7_PARTSIGN is set then the returned PKCS7 structure is just initialized ready to perform the signing operation. The signing is however not performed and the data to be signed is not read from the data parameter. Signing is deferred until after the data has been written. In this way data can be signed in a single pass. Currently the flag PKCS7_DETACHED must also be set.
At present only the SMIME_write_PKCS7() function properly finalizes the structure.
The SHA1 digest algorithm is currently always used.
When the signed data is not detached it will be stored in memory within the PKCS7 structure. This effectively limits the size of messages which can be signed due to memory restraints. There should be a way to sign data without having to hold it all in memory, this would however require fairly major revisions of the OpenSSL ASN1 code.
The PKCS7_PARTSIGN flag was added in OpenSSL 0.9.8