Content-type: text/html Man page of HTML::HeadParser


Section: User Contributed Perl Documentation (3pm)
Updated: 2009-08-13
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HTML::HeadParser - Parse <HEAD> section of a HTML document  


 require HTML::HeadParser;
 $p = HTML::HeadParser->new;
 $p->parse($text) and  print "not finished";

 $p->header('Title')          # to access <title>....</title>
 $p->header('Content-Base')   # to access <base href="http://...">
 $p->header('Foo')            # to access <meta http-equiv="Foo" content="...">
 $p->header('X-Meta-Author')  # to access <meta name="author" content="...">
 $p->header('X-Meta-Charset') # to access <meta charset="...">



The "HTML::HeadParser" is a specialized (and lightweight) "HTML::Parser" that will only parse the <HEAD>...</HEAD> section of an HTML document. The parse() method will return a FALSE value as soon as some <BODY> element or body text are found, and should not be called again after this.

Note that the "HTML::HeadParser" might get confused if raw undecoded UTF-8 is passed to the parse() method. Make sure the strings are properly decoded before passing them on.

The "HTML::HeadParser" keeps a reference to a header object, and the parser will update this header object as the various elements of the <HEAD> section of the HTML document are recognized. The following header fields are affected:

The Content-Base header is initialized from the <base href=``...''> element.
The Title header is initialized from the <title>...</title> element.
The Isindex header will be added if there is a <isindex> element in the <head>. The header value is initialized from the prompt attribute if it is present. If no prompt attribute is given it will have '?' as the value.
All <meta> elements containing a "name" attribute will result in headers using the prefix "X-Meta-" appended with the value of the "name" attribute as the name of the header, and the value of the "content" attribute as the pushed header value.

<meta> elements containing a "http-equiv" attribute will result in headers as in above, but without the "X-Meta-" prefix in the header name.

<meta> elements containing a "charset" attribute will result in an "X-Meta-Charset" header, using the value of the "charset" attribute as the pushed header value.



The following methods (in addition to those provided by the superclass) are available:
$hp = HTML::HeadParser->new
$hp = HTML::HeadParser->new( $header )
The object constructor. The optional $header argument should be a reference to an object that implement the header() and push_header() methods as defined by the "HTTP::Headers" class. Normally it will be of some class that is a or delegates to the "HTTP::Headers" class.

If no $header is given "HTML::HeadParser" will create an "HTTP::Headers" object by itself (initially empty).

Returns a reference to the header object.
$hp->header( $key )
Returns a header value. It is just a shorter way to write "$hp->header->header($key)".


 $h = HTTP::Headers->new;
 $p = HTML::HeadParser->new($h);
 <title>Stupid example</title>
 <base href="">
 Normal text starts here.
 undef $p;
 print $h->title;   # should print "Stupid example"



HTML::Parser, HTTP::Headers

The "HTTP::Headers" class is distributed as part of the libwww-perl package. If you don't have that distribution installed you need to provide the $header argument to the "HTML::HeadParser" constructor with your own object that implements the documented protocol.  


Copyright 1996-2001 Gisle Aas. All rights reserved.

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.




This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 04:14:15 GMT, September 24, 2010