Architecture independent level 1 (DDI/DKI)
A STREAMS driver or module consists of two queue structures: read for upstream processing and write for downstream processing. The queue structure is the major building block of a stream.
The queue structure is defined as type queue_t. The structure can be accessed at any time from inside a STREAMS entry point associated with that queue.
struct qinit *q_qinfo; /* queue processing procedure */ struct msgb *q_first; /* first message in queue */ struct msgb *q_last; /* last message in queue */ struct queue *q_next; /* next queue in stream */ void *q_ptr; /* module-specific data */ size_t q_count; /* number of bytes on queue */ uint_t q_flag; /* queue state */ ssize_t q_minpsz; /* smallest packet OK on queue */ ssize_t q_maxpsz; /* largest packet OK on queue */ size_t q_hiwat; /* queue high water mark */ size_t q_lowat; /* queue low water mark */
Contstraints and restrictions on the use of q_flag and queue_t fields and the q_next values are detailed in the following sections.
The q_flag field must be used only to check the following flag values.
Aside from q_ptr and q_qinfo, a module or driver must never assume that a queue_t field value will remain unchanged across calls to STREAMS entry points. In addition, many fields can change values inside a STREAMS entry point, especially if the STREAMS module or driver has perimeters that allow parallelism. See mt-streams(9F). Fields that are not documented below are private to the STREAMS framework and must not be accessed.
A STREAMS module or driver can assign any value to q_ptr. Typically q_ptr is used to point to module-specific per-queue state, allocated in open(9E) and freed in close(9E). The value or contents of q_ptr is never inspected by the STREAMS framework.
The initial values for q_minpsz, q_maxpsz, q_hiwat, and q_lowat are set using the module_info(9S) structure when mod_install(9F) is called. A STREAMS module or driver can subsequently change the values of those fields as necessary. The remaining visible fields, q_qinfo, q_first, q_last, q_next, q_count, and q_flag, must never be modified by a module or driver.
The Solaris DDI requires that STREAMS modules and drivers obey the rules described on this page. Those that do not follow the rules can cause data corruption or system instability, and might change in behavior across patches or upgrades.
There are additional restrictions associated with the use of the q_next value. In particular, a STREAMS module or driver:
close(9E), open(9E), bcanput(9F), canput(9F), getq(9F), insq(9F), mod_install(9F), put(9F), putbq(9F), putctl(9F), putctl1(9F), putnext(9F), putq(9F), qprocsoff(9F), qprocson(9F), rmvq(9F), strqget(9F), strqset(9F), module_info(9S), msgb(9S), qinit(9S), streamtab(9S)