Content-type: text/html Man page of agpgart_io


Section: Ioctl Requests (7I)
Updated: 9 May 2006
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agpgart_io - Solaris agpgart driver I/O control operations  


#include <sys/agpgart.h>


The Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) is a PCI bus technology enhancement that improves 3D graphics performance by using low-cost system memory. AGP chipsets use the Graphics Address Remapping Table (GART) to map discontiguous system memory into a contiguous PCI memory range (known as the AGP Aperture), enabling the graphics card to utilize the mapped aperture range as video memory.

The agpgart driver creates a pseudo device node at /dev/agpgart and provides a set of ioctls for managing allocation/deallocation of system memory, setting mappings between system memory and aperture range, and setting up AGP devices. The agpgart driver manages both pseudo and real device nodes, but to initiate AGP-related operations you operate only on the /dev/agpgart pseudo device node. To do this, open /dev/agpgart. The macro defined for the pseudo device node name is:

#define  AGP_DEVICE      "/dev/agpgart"

The agpgart_io driver implementation is AGP architecture-dependent and cannot be made generic. Currently, the agpgart_io driver only supports specific AGP systems. To determine if a system is supported, run an open(2) system call on the AGP_DEVICE node. (Note that open(2) fails if a system is not supported). After the AGP_DEVICE is opened, you can use kstat(1M) to read the system architecture type.

In addition to AGP system support, the agpgart ioctls can also be used on Intel integrated graphics devices (IGD). IGD devices usually have no dedicated video memory and must use system memory as video memory. IGD devices contain translation tables (referred to as GTT tables) that are similar to the GART translation table for address mapping purposes.

The AGPIOC_INFO ioctl can be called by any process. All other ioctls must be called by processes utilizing a GRAPHICS_ACCESS privilege. With the exception of AGPIOC_INFO, the AGPIOC_ACQUIRE ioctl must be called before any other ioctl. Once a process has acquired GART, it cannot be acquired by another process until the former process calls AGPIOC_RELEASE.

If the AGP_DEVICE fails to open, it may be due to one of the following reasons:

EAGAIN GART table allocation failed.

EIO Internal hardware initialization failed.

ENXIO Getting device soft state error. (This is unlikely to happen.)



With the exception of GPIOC_INFO, all ioctls shown in this section are protected by GRAPHICS_ACCESS privilege. (Only processes with GRAPHICS_ACCESS privilege in its effective set can access the privileged ioctls).

Common ioctl error codes are shown below. (Additional error codes may be displayed by individual ioctls.)

ENXIO Ioctl command not supported or getting device soft state error.

EPERM Process not privileged.


Get system wide AGP or IGD hardware information. This command can be called by any process from user or kernel context.

The argument is a pointer to agp_info_t structure.
 typedef struct  _agp_info {
       agp_version_t agpi_version; /* OUT: AGP version supported */
       uint32_t agpi_devid;    /* OUT: bridge vendor + device */    
       uint32_t agpi_mode;     /* OUT: mode of bridge */
       ulong_t  agpi_aperbase; /* OUT: base of aperture */
       size_t   agpi_apersize; /* OUT: aperture size in MB */
       uint32_t agpi_pgtotal;  /* OUT: max aperture pages avail. */
       uint32_t agpi_pgsystem; /* OUT: same as pg_total */
       uint32_t agpi_pgused; /* OUT: no. of currently used pages */
 } agp_info_t;
agpi_version  The version of AGP protocol the bridge device is
              compatible with, for example, major 3 and minor 0
              means AGP version 3.0.
              typedef struct _agp_version {
                      uint16_t   agpv_major;
                      uint16_t   agpv_minor;
              } agp_version_t;
agpi_devid    AGP bridge vendor and device ID.
agpi_mode     Current AGP mode, read from AGP status register of
              target device. The main bits are defined as below.

              /* AGP status register bits definition */
                #define AGPSTAT_RQ_MASK         0xff000000
                #define AGPSTAT_SBA             (0x1 << 9)
                #define AGPSTAT_OVER4G          (0x1 << 5)
                #define AGPSTAT_FW              (0x1 << 4)
                #define AGPSTAT_RATE_MASK       0x7
                /* AGP 3.0 only bits */
                #define AGPSTAT_ARQSZ_MASK      (0x7 << 13)
                #define AGPSTAT_CAL_MASK        (0x7 << 10)
                #define AGPSTAT_GART64B         (0x1 << 7)
                #define AGPSTAT_MODE3           (0x1 << 3)
                /* rate for 2.0 mode */
                #define AGP2_RATE_1X                    0x1
                #define AGP2_RATE_2X                    0x2
                #define AGP2_RATE_4X                    0x4
                /* rate for 3.0 mode */
                #define AGP3_RATE_4X                    0x1
                #define AGP3_RATE_8X                    0x2
agpi_aperbase   The base address of aperture in PCI memory space.
agpi_apersize   The size of the aperture in megabytes.
agpi_pgtotal    Represents the maximum memory 
                pages the system can allocate 
                according to aperture size and  
                system memory size (which may differ 
                from the maximum locked memory a process 
                can have. The latter  is subject
                to the memory resource limit imposed 
                by the  resource_controls(5) for each 

                This value can be modified through system 
                utilities like prctl(1).

agpi_pgsystem  Same as pg_total.
agpi_pgused    System pages already allocated by the driver.
Return Values:
           EFAULT  Argument copy out error
           EINVAL  Command invalid
           0       Success


Acquire control of GART. With the exception of AGPIOC_INFO, a process must acquire GART before can it call other agpgart ioctl commands. Additionally, only processes with GRAPHICS_ACCESS privilege may access this ioctl. In the current agpgart implementation, GART access is exclusive, meaning that only one process can perform GART operations at a time. To release control over GART, call AGPIOC_RELEASE. This command can be called from user or kernel context.

The argument should be NULL.

Return values:

EBUSY GART has been acquired

0 Success.


Release GART control. If a process releases GART control, it cannot perform additional GART operations until GART is reacquired. Note that this command does not free allocated memory or clear GART entries. (All clear jobs are done by direct calls or by closing the device). When a process exits without making this ioctl, the final close(2) performs this automatically. This command can be called from user or kernel context.

The argument should be NULL.

Return values:

EPERM Not owner of GART.

0 Success.


Setup AGPCMD register. An AGPCMD register resides in both the AGP master and target devices. The AGPCMD register controls the working mode of the AGP master and target devices. Each device must be configured using the same mode. This command can be called from user or kernel context.

The argument is a pointer to agp_setup_t structure:

     typedef struct _agp_setup {
           uint32_t agps_mode; /* IN: value to be set for AGPCMD */
     } agp_setup_t;
agps_mode  Specifying the mode to be set. Each bit of the value may have
           a specific meaning, please refer to AGP 2.0/3.0 specification
           or hardware datasheets for details. 

               /* AGP command register bits definition */
               #define     AGPCMD_RQ_MASK          0xff000000
               #define     AGPCMD_SBAEN            (0x1 << 9)
               #define     AGPCMD_AGPEN            (0x1 << 8)
               #define     AGPCMD_OVER4GEN         (0x1 << 5)
               #define     AGPCMD_FWEN             (0x1 << 4)
               #define     AGPCMD_RATE_MASK        0x7
               /* AGP 3.0 only bits */
               #define     AGP3_CMD_ARQSZ_MASK     (0x7 << 13)
               #define     AGP3_CMD_CAL_MASK       (0x7 << 10)
               #define     AGP3_CMD_GART64BEN      (0x1 << 7)

The final values set to the AGPCMD register of the master/target devices are decided by the agps_mode value and AGPSTAT of the master and target devices.

Return Values:

EPERM Not owner of GART.

EFAULT Argument copy in error.

EINVAL Command invalid for non-AGP system.

EIO Hardware setup error.

0 Success.


Allocate system memory for graphics device. This command returns a unique ID which can be used in subsequent operations to represent the allocated memory. The memory is made up of discontiguous physical pages. In rare cases, special memory types may be required. The allocated memory must be bound to the GART table before it can be used by graphics device. Graphics applications can also mmap(2) the memory to userland for data storing. Memory should be freed when it is no longer used by calling AGPIOC_DEALLOCATE or simply by closing the device. This command can be called from user or kernel context.

The argument is a pointer to agp_allocate_t structure.

     typedef struct _agp_allocate {
           int32_t  agpa_key;     /* OUT:ID of allocated memory */
           uint32_t agpa_pgcount;/* IN: no. of pages to be allocated */
           uint32_t agpa_type;/* IN: type of memory to be allocated */
           uint32_t agpa_physical; /* OUT: reserved */
     } agp_allocate_t;


Unique ID of the allocated memory.


Number of pages to be allocated. The driver currently supports only 4K pages. The value cannot exceed the agpi_pgtotal value returned by AGPIOC_INFO ioct and is subject to the limit of project.max-device-locked-memory. If the memory needed is larger than the resource limit but not larger than agpi_pgtotal, use prctl(1) or other system utilities to change the default value of memory resource limit beforehand.


Type of memory to be allocated. The valid value of agpa_type should be AGP_NORMAL. It is defined as:

         #define AGP_NORMAL      0

Above, AGP_NORMAL represents the discontiguous non-cachable physical memory which doesn't consume kernel virtual space but can be mapped to user space by mmap(2). This command may support more type values in the future.


Reserved for special uses. In normal operations, the value is undefined.

Return Values:

EPERM Not owner of GART.

EINVAL Argument not valid.

EFAULT Argument copy in/out error.

ENOMEM Memory allocation error.

0 Success.


Deallocate the memory identified by a key assigned in a previous allocation. If the memory isn't unbound from GART, this command unbinds it automatically. The memory should no longer be used and those still in mapping to userland cannot be deallocated. Always call AGPIOC_DEALLOCATE explicitly (instead of deallocating implicitly by closing the device), as the system won't carry out the job until the last reference to the device file is dropped. This command can be called from user or kernel context.

The input argument is a key of type int32_t, no output argument.

Return Values:

EPERM Not owner of GART.

EINVAL Key not valid or memory in use.

0 Success.


Bind allocated memory. This command binds the allocated memory identified by a key to a specific offset of the GART table, which enables GART to translate the aperture range at the offset to system memory. Each GART entry represents one physical page. If the GART range is previously bound to other system memory, it returns an error. Once the memory is bound, it cannot be bound to other offsets unless it is unbound. To unbind the memory, call AGPIOC_UNBIND or deallocate the memory. This command can be called from user or kernel context.

The argument is a pointer to agp_bind_t structure:

     typedef struct _agp_bind {
           int32_t  agpb_key;      /* IN: ID of memory to be bound */
           uint32_t agpb_pgstart;  /* IN: offset in aperture */
     } agp_bind_t;

agpb_key The unique ID of the memory to be bound, which is previously allocated by calling AGPIOC_ALLOCATE.

agpb_pgstart The starting page offset to be bound in aperture space.

Return Values:

EPERM Not owner of GART.

EFAULT Argument copy in error.

EINVAL Argument not valid.

EIO Binding to the GTT table of IGD devices failed.

0 Success.


Unbind memory identified by a key from the GART. This command clears the corresponding entries in the GART table. Only the memory not in mapping to userland is allowed to be unbound.

This ioctl command can be called from user or kernel context.

The argument is a pointer to agp_unbind_t structure.

     typedef struct _agp_unbind {
           int32_t  agpu_key; /* IN: key of memory to be unbound*/
           uint32_t agpu_pri; /* Not used: for compat. with Xorg */
     } agp_unbind_t;

agpu_key Unique ID of the memory to be unbound which was previously bound by calling AGPIOC_BIND.

agpu_pri Reserved for compatibility with, not used.

Return Values:

EPERM Not owner of GART.

EFAULT Argument copy in error.

EINVAL Argument not valid or memory in use.

EIO Unbinding from the GTT table of IGD devices failed.

0 Success



Below is an sample program showing how agpgart ioctls can be used:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h
#include <sys/ioccom.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/agpgart.h>

#define AGP_PAGE_SIZE   4096

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
        int fd, ret;
        agp_allocate_t alloc;
        agp_bind_t bindinfo;
        agp_info_t agpinfo;
        agp_setup_t modesetup;
        int *p = NULL;
        off_t mapoff;
        size_t maplen;
        if((fd = open(AGP_DEVICE, O_RDWR))== -1) {
                printf("open AGP_DEVICE error with %d\n", errno);\
        printf("device opened\n");
        ret = ioctl(fd, AGPIOC_INFO, &agpinfo);
        if(ret == -1) {
                printf("Get info error %d, errno);
        printf("AGPSTAT is %x\n", agpinfo.agpi_mode);
        printf("APBASE is %x\n", agpinfo.agpi_aperbase);
        printf("APSIZE is %dMB\n", agpinfo.agpi_apersize);
        printf("pg_total is %d\n", agpinfo.agpi_pgtotal);
        ret = ioctl(fd, AGPIOC_ACQUIRE);
        if(ret == -1) {
                printf(" Acquire GART error %d\n", errno);
        modesetup.agps_mode = agpinfo.agpi_mode;
        ret = ioctl(fd, AGPIOC_SETUP, &modesetup);
        if(ret == -1) {
                printf("set up AGP mode error\n", errno);
        printf("Please input the number of pages you want to allocate\n");
        scanf("%d", &alloc.agpa_pgcount);
        alloc.agpa_type = AGP_NORMAL;
        ret = ioctl(fd, AGPIOC_ALLOCATE, &alloc);
        if(ret == -1) {
                printf("Allocate memory error %d\n", errno);
        printf("Please input the aperture page offset to bind\n");
        scanf("%d", &bindinfo.agpb_pgstart);
        bindinfo.agpb_key = alloc.agpa_key;
        ret = ioctl(fd, AGPIOC_BIND, &bindinfo);
        if(ret == -1) {
                printf("Bind error %d\n", errno);
        printf("Bind successful\n");
         * Now gart aperture space from (bindinfo.agpb_pgstart) to
         * (bindinfo.agpb_pgstart + alloc.agpa_pgcount) can be used for
         * AGP graphics transactions
         * mmap can allow user processes to store graphics data
         * to the aperture space
        maplen = alloc.agpa_pgcount * AGP_PAGE_SIZE;
        mapoff = bindinfo.agpb_pgstart * AGP_PAGE_SIZE;
        p = (int *)mmap((caddr_t)0, maplen, (PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE),
                        MAP_SHARED, fd, mapoff);
        if (p == MAP_FAILED) {
                printf("Mmap error %d\n", errno);
        printf("Mmap successful\n");
         * When user processes finish access to the aperture space,
         * unmap the memory range
        munmap((void *)p, maplen);
         * After finishing AGP transactions, the resources can be freed
         * step by step or simply by close device.
        ret = ioctl(fd, AGPIOC_DEALLOCATE, alloc.agpa_key);
        if(ret == -1) {
                printf(" Deallocate memory error %d\n", errno);
        ret = ioctl(fd, AGPIOC_RELEASE);
        if(ret == -1) {
                printf(" Release GART error %d\n", errno);




Symbolic link to the pseudo agpgart device.


agpgart pseudo driver.


Driver configuration file.



See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

AvailabilitySUNWagp, SUNWagph
Stability levelUnstable



prctl(1), kstat(1M), close(2), ioctl(2), open(2)mmap(2), project(4), privileges(5), attributes(5), resource_controls(5)




This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 02:36:25 GMT, October 02, 2010