Content-type: text/html Man page of pam_roles

pam_roles

Section: Standards, Environments, and Macros (5)
Updated: 6 Mar 2007
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NAME

pam_roles - Solaris Roles account management module  

SYNOPSIS

pam_roles.so.1

 

DESCRIPTION

The pam_roles module implements pam_sm_acct_mgmt(3PAM). It provides functionality to verify that a user is authorized to assume a role. It also prevents direct logins to a role. The user_attr(4) database is used to determine which users can assume which roles.

The PAM items PAM_USER and PAM_AUSER, and PAM_RHOST are used to determine the outcome of this module. PAM_USER represents the new identity being verified. PAM_AUSER, if set, represents the user asserting a new identity. If PAM_AUSER is not set, the real user ID of the calling service implies that the user is asserting a new identity. Notice that root can never have roles.

This module is generally stacked above the pam_unix_account(5) module.

The following options are interpreted:

allow_remote

Allows a remote service to specify the user to enter as a role.

debug

Provides syslog(3C) debugging information at the LOG_DEBUG level.

 

ERRORS

The following values are returned:

PAM_IGNORE

If the type of the new user identity (PAM_USER) is "normal". Or, if the type of the new user identity is "role" and the user asserting the new identity (PAM_AUSER) has the new identity name in its list of roles.

PAM_USER_UNKNOWN

No account is present for user.

PAM_PERM_DENIED

If the type of the new user identity (PAM_USER) is "role" and the user asserting the new identity (PAM_AUSER) does not have the new identity name in its list of roles.

 

EXAMPLES

Example 1 Using the pam_roles.so.1 Module

The following are sample entries from pam.conf(4). These entries demonstrate the use of the pam_roles.so.1 module:

cron account required pam_unix_account.so.1
#
other account requisite pam_roles.so.1
other account required pam_unix_account.so.1
#

The cron service does not invoke pam_roles.so.1. Delayed jobs are independent of role assumption. All other services verify that roles cannot directly login. The "su" service (covered by the "other" service entry) verifies that if the new user is a role, the calling user is authorized for that role.

Example 2 Allowing Remote Roles

Remote roles should only be allowed from remote services that can be trusted to provide an accurate PAM_AUSERname. This trust is a function of the protocol (such as sshd-hostbased).

The following is a sample entry for a pam.conf(4) file. It demonstrates the use of pam_roles configuration for remote roles for the sshd-hostbased service.

sshd-hostbased account requisite pam_roles.so.1 allow_remote
sshd-hostbased account required pam_unix_account

 

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE

Interface StabilityEvolving

MT Level

 

SEE ALSO

roles(1), sshd(1M), su(1M), libpam(3LIB), pam(3PAM), pam_acct_mgmt(3PAM), pam_setcred(3PAM), pam_set_item(3PAM), pam_sm_acct_mgmt(3PAM), syslog(3C), pam.conf(4), user_attr(4), attributes(5), pam_authtok_check(5), pam_authtok_get(5), pam_authtok_store(5), pam_dhkeys(5), pam_passwd_auth(5), pam_unix_account(5), pam_unix_auth(5), pam_unix_session(5)  

NOTES

The interfaces in libpam(3LIB) are MT-Safe only if each thread within the multi-threaded application uses its own PAM handle.

This module should never be stacked alone. It never returns PAM_SUCCESS, as it never makes a positive decision.

The allow_remote option should only be specified for services that are trusted to correctly identify the remote user (that is, sshd-hostbased).

PAM_AUSER has replaced PAM_RUSER whose definition is limited to the rlogin/rsh untrusted remote user name. See pam_set_item(3PAM).


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ERRORS
EXAMPLES
ATTRIBUTES
SEE ALSO
NOTES

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Time: 02:39:48 GMT, October 02, 2010