Content-type: text/html Man page of sendmsg


Section: X/Open Networking Services Library Functions (3XNET)
Updated: 1 Nov 2003
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sendmsg - send a message on a socket using a message structure  


cc [ flag ... ] file ... -lxnet [ library ... ]
#include <sys/socket.h>

ssize_t sendmsg(int socket, const struct msghdr *message, int flags);  


The function takes the following arguments:

socket Specifies the socket file descriptor.

message Points to a msghdr structure, containing both the destination address and the buffers for the outgoing message. The length and format of the address depend on the address family of the socket. The msg_flags member is ignored.

flags Specifies the type of message transmission. The application may specify 0 or the following flag:

MSG_EOR Terminates a record (if supported by the protocol)

MSG_OOB Sends out-of-band data on sockets that support out-of-bound data. The significance and semantics of out-of-band data are protocol-specific.



The sendmsg() function sends a message through a connection-mode or connectionless-mode socket. If the socket is connectionless-mode, the message will be sent to the address specified by msghdr. If the socket is connection-mode, the destination address in msghdr is ignored.

The msg_iov and msg_iovlen fields of message specify zero or more buffers containing the data to be sent. msg_iov points to an array of iovec structures; msg_iovlen must be set to the dimension of this array. In each iovec structure, the iov_base field specifies a storage area and the iov_len field gives its size in bytes. Some of these sizes can be zero. The data from each storage area indicated by msg_iov is sent in turn.

Successful completion of a call to sendmsg() does not guarantee delivery of the message. A return value of -1 indicates only locally-detected errors.

If space is not available at the sending socket to hold the message to be transmitted and the socket file descriptor does not have O_NONBLOCK set, sendmsg() function blocks until space is available. If space is not available at the sending socket to hold the message to be transmitted and the socket file descriptor does have O_NONBLOCK set, sendmsg() function will fail.

If the socket protocol supports broadcast and the specified address is a broadcast address for the socket protocol, sendmsg() will fail if the SO_BROADCAST option is not set for the socket.

The socket in use may require the process to have appropriate privileges to use the sendmsg() function.  


The select(3C) and poll(2) functions can be used to determine when it is possible to send more data.  


Upon successful completion, sendmsg() function returns the number of bytes sent. Otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.  


The sendmsg() function will fail if:

EWOULDBLOCK The socket's file descriptor is marked O_NONBLOCK and the requested operation would block.

EAFNOSUPPORT Addresses in the specified address family cannot be used with this socket.

EBADF The socket argument is not a valid file descriptor.

ECONNRESET A connection was forcibly closed by a peer.

EFAULT The message parameter, or storage pointed to by the msg_name, msg_control or msg_iov fields of the message parameter, or storage pointed to by the iovec structures pointed to by the msg_iov field can not be accessed.

EINTR A signal interrupted sendmsg() before any data was transmitted.

EINVAL The sum of the iov_len values overflows an ssize_t.

EMSGSIZE The message is to large to be sent all at once (as the socket requires), or the msg_iovlen member of the msghdr structure pointed to by message is less than or equal to 0 or is greater than IOV_MAX.

ENOTCONN The socket is connection-mode but is not connected.

ENOTSOCK The socket argument does not refer a socket.

EOPNOTSUPP The socket argument is associated with a socket that does not support one or more of the values set in flags.

EPIPE The socket is shut down for writing, or the socket is connection-mode and is no longer connected. In the latter case, and if the socket is of type SOCK_STREAM, the SIGPIPE signal is generated to the calling thread.

If the address family of the socket is AF_UNIX, then sendmsg() will fail if:

EIO An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system.

ELOOP Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname in the socket address.

ENAMETOOLONG A component of a pathname exceeded NAME_MAX characters, or an entire pathname exceeded PATH_MAX characters.

ENOENT A component of the pathname does not name an existing file or the pathname is an empty string.

ENOTDIR A component of the path prefix of the pathname in the socket address is not a directory.

The sendmsg() function may fail if:

EACCES Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix; or write access to the named socket is denied.

EDESTADDRREQ The socket is not connection-mode and does not have its peer address set, and no destination address was specified.

EHOSTUNREACH The destination host cannot be reached (probably because the host is down or a remote router cannot reach it).

EIO An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system.

EISCONN A destination address was specified and the socket is already connected.

ENETDOWN The local interface used to reach the destination is down.

ENETUNREACH No route to the network is present.

ENOBUFS Insufficient resources were available in the system to perform the operation.

ENOMEM Insufficient memory was available to fulfill the request.

ENOSR There were insufficient STREAMS resources available for the operation to complete.

If the address family of the socket is AF_UNIX, then sendmsg() may fail if:

ENAMETOOLONG Pathname resolution of a symbolic link produced an intermediate result whose length exceeds PATH_MAX.



See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

Interface StabilityStandard



poll(2) getsockopt(3XNET), recv(3XNET), recvfrom(3XNET), recvmsg(3XNET), select(3C), send(3XNET), sendto(3XNET), setsockopt(3XNET), shutdown(3XNET), socket(3XNET), attributes(5), standards(5)




This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 02:38:42 GMT, October 02, 2010