Content-type: text/html Man page of connect

connect

Section: X/Open Networking Services Library Functions (3XNET)
Updated: 10 Jun 2002
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

connect - connect a socket  

SYNOPSIS

cc [ flag ... ] file ... -lxnet [ library ... ]
#include <sys/socket.h>
 

int connect(int socket, const struct sockaddr *address, socklen_t address_len);  

DESCRIPTION

The connect() function requests a connection to be made on a socket. The function takes the following arguments:

socket Specifies the file descriptor associated with the socket.

address Points to a sockaddr structure containing the peer address. The length and format of the address depend on the address family of the socket.

address_len Specifies the length of the sockaddr structure pointed to by the address argument.

If the socket has not already been bound to a local address, connect() will bind it to an address which, unless the socket's address family is AF_UNIX, is an unused local address.

If the initiating socket is not connection-mode, then connect() sets the socket's peer address, but no connection is made. For SOCK_DGRAM sockets, the peer address identifies where all datagrams are sent on subsequent send(3XNET) calls, and limits the remote sender for subsequent recv(3XNET) calls. If address is a null address for the protocol, the socket's peer address will be reset.

If the initiating socket is connection-mode, then connect() attempts to establish a connection to the address specified by the address argument.

If the connection cannot be established immediately and O_NONBLOCK is not set for the file descriptor for the socket, connect() will block for up to an unspecified timeout interval until the connection is established. If the timeout interval expires before the connection is established, connect() will fail and the connection attempt will be aborted. If connect() is interrupted by a signal that is caught while blocked waiting to establish a connection, connect() will fail and set errno to EINTR, but the connection request will not be aborted, and the connection will be established asynchronously.

If the connection cannot be established immediately and O_NONBLOCK is set for the file descriptor for the socket, connect() will fail and set errno to EINPROGRESS, but the connection request will not be aborted, and the connection will be established asynchronously. Subsequent calls to connect() for the same socket, before the connection is established, will fail and set errno to EALREADY.

When the connection has been established asynchronously, select(3C) and poll(2) will indicate that the file descriptor for the socket is ready for writing.

The socket in use may require the process to have appropriate privileges to use the connect() function.  

USAGE

If connect() fails, the state of the socket is unspecified. Portable applications should close the file descriptor and create a new socket before attempting to reconnect.  

RETURN VALUES

Upon successful completion, connect() returns 0. Otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.  

ERRORS

The connect() function will fail if:

EADDRNOTAVAIL The specified address is not available from the local machine.

EAFNOSUPPORT The specified address is not a valid address for the address family of the specified socket.

EALREADY A connection request is already in progress for the specified socket.

EBADF The socket argument is not a valid file descriptor.

ECONNREFUSED The target address was not listening for connections or refused the connection request.

EFAULT The address parameter can not be accessed.

EINPROGRESS O_NONBLOCK is set for the file descriptor for the socket and the connection cannot be immediately established; the connection will be established asynchronously.

EINTR The attempt to establish a connection was interrupted by delivery of a signal that was caught; the connection will be established asynchronously.

EISCONN The specified socket is connection-mode and is already connected.

ENETUNREACH No route to the network is present.

ENOTSOCK The socket argument does not refer to a socket.

EPROTOTYPE The specified address has a different type than the socket bound to the specified peer address.

ETIMEDOUT The attempt to connect timed out before a connection was made.

If the address family of the socket is AF_UNIX, then connect() will fail if:

EIO An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system.

ELOOP Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname in address.

ENAMETOOLONG A component of a pathname exceeded NAME_MAX characters, or an entire pathname exceeded PATH_MAX characters.

ENOENT A component of the pathname does not name an existing file or the pathname is an empty string.

ENOTDIR A component of the path prefix of the pathname in address is not a directory.

The connect() function may fail if:

EACCES Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix; or write access to the named socket is denied.

EADDRINUSE Attempt to establish a connection that uses addresses that are already in use.

ECONNRESET Remote host reset the connection request.

EHOSTUNREACH The destination host cannot be reached (probably because the host is down or a remote router cannot reach it).

EINVAL The address_len argument is not a valid length for the address family; or invalid address family in sockaddr structure.

ENAMETOOLONG Pathname resolution of a symbolic link produced an intermediate result whose length exceeds PATH_MAX.

ENETDOWN The local interface used to reach the destination is down.

ENOBUFS No buffer space is available.

ENOSR There were insufficient STREAMS resources available to complete the operation.

EOPNOTSUPP The socket is listening and can not be connected.

 

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE
Interface StabilityStandard
MT-Level MT-Safe

 

SEE ALSO

close(2), poll(2), accept(3XNET), bind(3XNET), getsockname(3XNET), select(3C), send(3XNET), shutdown(3XNET), socket(3XNET), attributes(5), standards(5)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
USAGE
RETURN VALUES
ERRORS
ATTRIBUTES
SEE ALSO

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Time: 02:38:42 GMT, October 02, 2010