Content-type: text/html Man page of overlay

overlay

Section: X/Open Curses Library Functions (3XCURSES)
Updated: 5 Jun 2002
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

overlay, overwrite - copy overlapped windows  

SYNOPSIS

cc [ flag... ] file... -I /usr/xpg4/include -L /usr/xpg4/lib \
-R /usr/xpg4/lib -lcurses [ library... ]

c89 [ flag... ] file... -lcurses [ library... ]

#include <curses.h>

int overlay(const WINDOW *srcwin, WINDOW *dstwin);

int overwrite(const WINDOW *srcwin, WINDOW *dstwin);  

PARAMETERS

srcwin Is a pointer to the source window to be copied.

dstwin Is a pointer to the destination window to be overlayed or overwritten.

 

DESCRIPTION

The overwrite() and overlay() functions overlay srcwin on top of destwin. The srcwin and dstwin arguments do not have to be the same size; only text where the two windows overlap is copied.

The overwrite() function copies characters as though a sequence of win_wch(3XCURSES) and wadd_wch(3XCURSES) were performed with the destination window's attributes and background attributes cleared.

The overlay() function does the same thing, except that, whenever a character to be copied is the background character of the source window, overlay() does not copy the character but merely moves the destination cursor the width of the source background character.

If any portion of the overlaying window border is not the first column of a multi-column character, then all the column positions will be replaced with the background character and rendition before the overlay is done. If the default background character is a multi-column character when this occurs, then these functions fail.  

RETURN VALUES

Upon successful completion, these functions return OK. Otherwise, they return ERR.  

ERRORS

No errors are defined.  

EXAMPLES

Example 1: Implement a pop-up dialog

The following example demonstrates the use of overwrite() to implement a pop-up dialog box.

#include <curses.h>
/*
 *   Pop-up a window on top of curscr.  If row and/or col
 *   are -1 then that dimension will be centered within
 *   curscr.  Return 0 for success or -1 if malloc() failed.
 *   Pass back the working window and the saved window for the
 *   pop-up.  The saved window should not be modified.
 */
int
popup(work, save, nrows, ncols, row, col)
WINDOW **work, **save;
int nrows, ncols, row, col;
{
     int mr, mc;
     getmaxyx(curscr, mr, mc);
     /* Windows are limited to the size of curscr. */
     if (mr < nrows)
          nrows = mr;
     if (mc < ncols)
          ncols = mc;
     /* Center dimensions. */
     if (row == -1)
          row = (mr-nrows)/2;
     if (col == -1)
          col = (mc-ncols)/2;
     /* The window must fit entirely in curscr. */
     if (mr < row+nrows)
          row = 0;
     if (mc < col+ncols)
          col = 0;
     *work = newwin(nrows, ncols, row, col);
     if (*work == NULL)
          return (-1);
     if ((*save = dupwin(*work)) == NULL) {
          delwin(*work);
          return (-1);
     }
     overwrite(curscr, *save);
     return (0);
}
/*
 * Restore the region covered by a pop-up window.
 * Delete the working window and the saved window.
 * This function is the complement to popup().  Return
 * 0 for success or -1 for an error.
 */
int
popdown(work, save)
WINDOW *work, *save;
{
     (void) wnoutrefresh(save);
     (void) delwin(save);
     (void) delwin(work);
     return (0);
}
/*
 * Compute the size of a dialog box that would fit around
 * the string.
 */
void
dialsize(str, nrows, ncols)
char *str;
int *nrows, *ncols;
{
     int rows, cols, col;
     for (rows = 1, cols = col = 0; *str != '\0'; ++str) {
          if (*str == '\n') {
               if (cols < col)
                   cols = col;
               col = 0;
               ++rows;
          } else {
               ++col;
          }
      }
      if (cols < col)
           cols = col;
      *nrows = rows;
      *ncols = cols;
}
/*
 * Write a string into a dialog box.
 */
void
dialfill(w, s)
WINDOW *w;
char *s;
{
     int row;
     (void) wmove(w, 1, 1);
     for (row = 1; *s != '\0'; ++s) {
          (void) waddch(w, *((unsigned char*) s));
          if (*s == '\n')
               wmove(w, ++row, 1);
     }
     box(w, 0, 0);
}
void
dialog(str)
char *str;
{
     WINDOW *work, *save;
     int nrows, ncols, row, col;
     /* Figure out size of window. */
     dialsize(str, &nrows, &ncols);
     /* Create a centered working window with extra */
     /* room for a border. */
     (void) popup(&work, &save, nrows+2, ncols+2, -1, -1);
     /* Write text into the working window. */
     dialfill(work, str);
     /* Pause.  Remember that wgetch() will do a wrefresh() */
     /* for us. */
     (void) wgetch(work);
     /* Restore curscr and free windows. */
     (void) popdown(work, save);
     /* Redraw curscr to remove window from physical screen. */
     (void) doupdate();
}

 

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE
Interface StabilityStandard
MT-LevelUnsafe

 

SEE ALSO

copywin(3XCURSES), libcurses(3XCURSES), wadd_wch(3XCURSES), win_wch(3XCURSES), attributes(5), standards(5)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
PARAMETERS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUES
ERRORS
EXAMPLES
ATTRIBUTES
SEE ALSO

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Time: 02:39:09 GMT, October 02, 2010