Content-type: text/html Man page of rpc

rpc

Section: Networking Services Library Functions (3NSL)
Updated: 5 Jun 2001
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

rpc - library routines for remote procedure calls  

SYNOPSIS

cc [ flag ... ] file ... -lnsl [ library ... ]
#include <rpc/rpc.h>
#include <netconfig.h>
 

DESCRIPTION

These routines allow C language programs to make procedure calls on other machines across a network. First, the client sends a request to the server. On receipt of the request, the server calls a dispatch routine to perform the requested service, and then sends back a reply.

All RPC routines require the header <rpc/rpc.h>. Routines that take a netconfig structure also require that <netconfig.h> be included. Applications using RPC and XDR routines should be linked with the libnsl library.  

Multithread Considerations

In the case of multithreaded applications, the -mt option must be specified on the command line at compilation time to enable a thread-specific version of rpc_createerr(). See rpc_clnt_create(3NSL) and threads(5).

When used in multithreaded applications, client-side routines are MT-Safe. CLIENT handles can be shared between threads; however, in this implementation, requests by different threads are serialized (that is, the first request will receive its results before the second request is sent). See rpc_clnt_create(3NSL).

When used in multithreaded applications, server-side routines are usually Unsafe. In this implementation the service transport handle, SVCXPRT contains a single data area for decoding arguments and encoding results. See rpc_svc_create(3NSL). Therefore, this structure cannot be freely shared between threads that call functions that do this. Routines that are affected by this restriction are marked as unsafe for MT applications. See rpc_svc_calls(3NSL).  

Nettyp

Some of the high-level RPC interface routines take a nettype string as one of the parameters (for example, clnt_create(), svc_create(), rpc_reg(), rpc_call()). This string defines a class of transports which can be used for a particular application.

nettype can be one of the following:

netpath Choose from the transports which have been indicated by their token names in the NETPATH environment variable. If NETPATH is unset or NULL, it defaults to visible. netpath is the default nettype.

visible Choose the transports which have the visible flag (v) set in the /etc/netconfig file.

circuit_v This is same as visible except that it chooses only the connection oriented transports (semantics tpi_cots or tpi_cots_ord) from the entries in the /etc/netconfig file.

datagram_v This is same as visible except that it chooses only the connectionless datagram transports (semantics tpi_clts) from the entries in the /etc/netconfig file.

circuit_n This is same as netpath except that it chooses only the connection oriented datagram transports (semantics tpi_cots or tpi_cots_ord).

datagram_n This is same as netpath except that it chooses only the connectionless datagram transports (semantics tpi_clts).

udp This refers to Internet UDP.

tcp This refers to Internet TCP.

If nettype is NULL, it defaults to netpath. The transports are tried in left to right order in the NETPATH variable or in top to down order in the /etc/netconfig file.  

Derived Types

In a 64-bit environment, the derived types are defined as follows:

typedefuint32_trpcprog_t;
typedefuint32_trpcvers_t;
typedefuint32_trpcproc_t;
typedefuint32_trpcprot_t;
typedefuint32_trpcport_t;
typedefint32_trpc_inline_t;

In a 32-bit environment, the derived types are defined as follows:

typedefunsigned longrpcprog_t;
typedefunsigned longrpcvers_t;
typedefunsigned longrpcproc_t;
typedefunsigned longrpcprot_t;
typedefunsigned longrpcport_t;
typedeflongrpc_inline_t;

 

Data Structures

Some of the data structures used by the RPC package are shown below.  

The AUTH Structure


union  des_block  {
        struct  {
        u_int32  high;
        u_int32  low;
        }  key;
char  c[8];
};
typedef  union  des_block  des_block;
extern  bool_t  xdr_des_block();
/*
 *  Authentication  info.  Opaque  to  client.
*/
struct  opaque_auth  {
        enum_t oa_flavor;       /* flavor of auth */
        caddr_t oa_base;        /* address of more auth stuff */
        uint_t oa_length;       /* not to exceed MAX_AUTH_BYTES */
};
/*
 * Auth handle, interface to client side  authenticators.
*/
 typedef  struct  {
        struct opaque_auth ah_cred;
        struct opaque_auth ah_verf;
        union  des_block ah_key;
        struct  auth_ops  {
                void(*ah_nextverf)();
                int(*ah_marshal)();     /* nextverf & serialize */
                int(*ah_validate)();    /* validate verifier */
                int(*ah_refresh)();     /* refresh credentials */
                void(*ah_destroy)();    /* destroy this structure */
        }  *ah_ops;
        caddr_t  ah_private;
}  AUTH;

 

The CLIENT Structure

/*
 *  Client  rpc  handle.
 *  Created  by  individual  implementations.
 * Client is responsible for initializing auth.
 */
        typedef  struct  {
        AUTH    *cl_auth;       /* authenticator */
        struct clnt_ops {
              enum clnt_stat (*cl_call)();      /* call remote procedure */
              void (*cl_abort)();               /* abort a call */
              void (*cl_geterr)();           /* get specific error code */
              bool_t (*cl_freeres)();           /* frees results */
              void (*cl_destroy)();           /* destroy this structure */
              bool_t (*cl_control)();           /* the ioctl() of rpc */
              int (*cl_settimers)();            /* set rpc level timers */
             } *cl_ops;
             caddr_t    cl_private;                     /* private stuff */
             char       *cl_netid;                /* network identifier */
             char       *cl_tp;                         /* device name */
}  CLIENT;

 

The SVCXPRT Structure

enum  xprt_stat  {
XPRT_DIED,
XPRT_MOREREQS,
XPRT_IDLE
};
/*
 *  Server  side  transport  handle
 */
typedef  struct  {
        int     xp_fd;                  /* file descriptor for the
        ushort_t xp_port;                /* obsolete */
        struct xp_ops {
           bool_t (*xp_recv)(); /* receive incoming requests */
           enum xprt_stat (*xp_stat)(); /* get transport status */
           bool_t (*xp_getargs)();      /* get arguments */
           bool_t (*xp_reply)();        /* send reply */
           bool_t (*xp_freeargs)();     /* free mem allocated
                                                    for args */
           void (*xp_destroy)();        /* destroy this struct */
        } *xp_ops;
        int xp_addrlen;                 /* length of remote addr.
                                        Obsolete */
        char *xp_tp;                    /* transport provider device
                                        name */
        char *xp_netid;                 /* network identifier */
        struct netbuf xp_ltaddr;        /* local transport address */
        struct netbuf xp_rtaddr;        /* remote transport address */
        char xp_raddr[16];              /* remote address. Obsolete */
        struct opaque_auth xp_verf;     /* raw response verifier */
        caddr_t xp_p1;                  /* private: for use
                                        by svc ops */
        caddr_t xp_p2;                  /* private: for use
                                        by svc ops */
        caddr_t xp_p3;                  /* private: for use
                                        by svc lib */
        int xp_type                     /* transport type */
}  SVCXPRT;

 

The svc_reg Structure


struct  svc_req  {
   rpcprog_t rq_prog;          /* service program number */
   rpcvers_t rq_vers;          /* service protocol version */
   rpcproc_t rq_proc;          /* the desired procedure */
   struct opaque_auth rq_cred; /* raw creds from the wire */
   caddr_t rq_clntcred;        /* read only cooked cred */
   SVCXPRT *rq_xprt;           /* associated transport */

};

 

The XDR Structure

/*
 * XDR operations.
 * XDR_ENCODE causes the type to be encoded into the stream.
 * XDR_DECODE causes the type to be extracted from the stream.
 * XDR_FREE can be used to release the space allocated by an XDR_DECODE
 * request.
 */
enum xdr_op {
    XDR_ENCODE=0,
    XDR_DECODE=1,
    XDR_FREE=2
};
/*
 * This is the number of bytes per unit of external data.
 */
#define BYTES_PER_XDR_UNIT      (4)
#define RNDUP(x)  ((((x) + BYTES_PER_XDR_UNIT - 1) /
                   BYTES_PER_XDR_UNIT) \ * BYTES_PER_XDR_UNIT)
/*
 * A xdrproc_t exists for each data type which is to be encoded or
 * decoded.  The second argument to the xdrproc_t is a pointer to
 * an opaque pointer.  The opaque pointer generally points to a
 * structure of the data type to be decoded.  If this points to 0,
 * then the type routines should allocate dynamic storage of the
 * appropriate size and return it.
 * bool_t  (*xdrproc_t)(XDR *, caddr_t *);
 */
typedef  bool_t (*xdrproc_t)();
/*
 * The XDR handle.
 * Contains operation which is being applied to the stream,
 * an operations vector for the particular implementation
 */
typedef struct {

enum xdr_op x_op;    /* operation; fast additional param */
struct  xdr_ops  {

bool_t       (*x_getlong)();      /* get long from underlying stream */ 
bool_t       (*x_putlong)();      /* put long to underlying stream */ 
bool_t       (*x_getbytes)();      /* get bytes from underlying stream */ 
bool_t       (*x_putbytes)();     /* put bytes to underlying stream */ 
uint_t       (*x_getpostn)();     /* returns bytes off from beginning */ 
bool_t       (*x_setpostn)();     /* reposition the stream */ 
rpc_inline_t *(*x_inline)();      /* buf quick ptr to buffered data */ 
void         (*x_destroy)();      /* free privates of this xdr_stream */ 
bool_t       (*x_control)();      /* changed/retrieve client object info*/ 
bool_t       (*x_getint32)();     /* get int from underlying stream */ 
bool_t       (*x_putint32)();     /* put int to underlying stream */ 

} *x_ops; 

caddr_t      x_public;             /* users' data */ 
caddr_t      x_priv                /* pointer to private data */ 
caddr_t      x_base;               /* private used for position info */ 
int          x_handy;              /* extra private word */  
XDR;

 

Index to Routines

The following table lists RPC routines and the manual reference pages on which they are described:

RPC Routine Manual Reference Page

auth_destroy
 rpc_clnt_auth(3NSL)

authdes_create rpc_soc(3NSL)

authdes_getucred secure_rpc(3NSL)

authdes_seccreate secure_rpc(3NSL)

authnone_create rpc_clnt_auth(3NSL)

authsys_create rpc_clnt_auth(3NSL)

authsys_create_default rpc_clnt_auth(3NSL)

authunix_create rpc_soc(3NSL)

authunix_create_default rpc_soc(3NSL)

callrpc rpc_soc(3NSL)

clnt_broadcast rpc_soc(3NSL)

clnt_call rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL)

clnt_control rpc_clnt_create(3NSL)

clnt_create rpc_clnt_create(3NSL)

clnt_destroy rpc_clnt_create(3NSL)

clnt_dg_create rpc_clnt_create(3NSL)

clnt_freeres rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL)

clnt_geterr rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL)

clnt_pcreateerror rpc_clnt_create(3NSL)

clnt_perrno rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL)

clnt_perror rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL)

clnt_raw_create rpc_clnt_create(3NSL)

clnt_spcreateerror rpc_clnt_create(3NSL)

clnt_sperrno rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL)

clnt_sperror rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL)

clnt_tli_create rpc_clnt_create(3NSL)

clnt_tp_create rpc_clnt_create(3NSL)

clnt_udpcreate rpc_soc(3NSL)

clnt_vc_create rpc_clnt_create(3NSL)

clntraw_create rpc_soc(3NSL)

clnttcp_create rpc_soc(3NSL)

clntudp_bufcreate rpc_soc(3NSL)

get_myaddress rpc_soc(3NSL)

getnetname secure_rpc(3NSL)

host2netname secure_rpc(3NSL)

key_decryptsession secure_rpc(3NSL)

key_encryptsession secure_rpc(3NSL)

key_gendes secure_rpc(3NSL)

key_setsecret secure_rpc(3NSL)

netname2host secure_rpc(3NSL)

netname2user secure_rpc(3NSL)

pmap_getmaps rpc_soc(3NSL)

pmap_getport rpc_soc(3NSL)

pmap_rmtcall rpc_soc(3NSL)

pmap_set rpc_soc(3NSL)

pmap_unset rpc_soc(3NSL)

registerrpc rpc_soc(3NSL)

rpc_broadcast rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL)

rpc_broadcast_exp rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL)

rpc_call rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL)

rpc_reg rpc_svc_calls(3NSL)

svc_create rpc_svc_create(3NSL)

svc_destroy rpc_svc_create(3NSL)

svc_dg_create rpc_svc_create(3NSL)

svc_dg_enablecache rpc_svc_calls(3NSL)

svc_fd_create rpc_svc_create(3NSL)

svc_fds rpc_soc(3NSL)

svc_freeargs rpc_svc_reg(3NSL)

svc_getargs rpc_svc_reg(3NSL)

svc_getcaller rpc_soc(3NSL)

svc_getreq rpc_soc(3NSL)

svc_getreqset rpc_svc_calls(3NSL)

svc_getrpccaller rpc_svc_calls(3NSL)

svc_raw_create rpc_svc_create(3NSL)

svc_reg rpc_svc_calls(3NSL)

svc_register rpc_soc(3NSL)

svc_run rpc_svc_reg(3NSL)

svc_sendreply rpc_svc_reg(3NSL)

svc_tli_create rpc_svc_create(3NSL)

svc_tp_create rpc_svc_create(3NSL)

svc_unreg rpc_svc_calls(3NSL)

svc_unregister rpc_soc(3NSL)

svc_vc_create rpc_svc_create(3NSL)

svcerr_auth rpc_svc_err(3NSL)

svcerr_decode rpc_svc_err(3NSL)

svcerr_noproc rpc_svc_err(3NSL)

svcerr_noprog rpc_svc_err(3NSL)

svcerr_progvers rpc_svc_err(3NSL)

svcerr_systemerr rpc_svc_err(3NSL)

svcerr_weakauth rpc_svc_err(3NSL)

svcfd_create rpc_soc(3NSL)

svcraw_create rpc_soc(3NSL)

svctcp_create rpc_soc(3NSL)

svcudp_bufcreate rpc_soc(3NSL)

svcudp_create rpc_soc(3NSL)

user2netname secure_rpc(3NSL)

xdr_accepted_reply rpc_xdr(3NSL)

xdr_authsys_parms rpc_xdr(3NSL)

xdr_authunix_parms rpc_soc(3NSL)

xdr_callhdr rpc_xdr(3NSL)

xdr_callmsg rpc_xdr(3NSL)

xdr_opaque_auth rpc_xdr(3NSL)

xdr_rejected_reply rpc_xdr(3NSL)

xdr_replymsg rpc_xdr(3NSL)

xprt_register rpc_svc_calls(3NSL)

xprt_unregister rpc_svc_calls(3NSL)

 

FILES

/etc/netconfig
 

 

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE
MT-LevelMT-Safe with exceptions

 

SEE ALSO

getnetconfig(3NSL), getnetpath(3NSL), rpc_clnt_auth(3NSL), rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL), rpc_clnt_create(3NSL), rpc_svc_calls(3NSL), rpc_svc_create(3NSL), rpc_svc_err(3NSL), rpc_svc_reg(3NSL), rpc_xdr(3NSL), rpcbind(3NSL), secure_rpc(3NSL), threads(5), xdr(3NSL), netconfig(4), rpc(4), attributes(5), environ(5)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Multithread Considerations
Nettyp
Derived Types
Data Structures
The AUTH Structure
The CLIENT Structure
The SVCXPRT Structure
The svc_reg Structure
The XDR Structure
Index to Routines
FILES
ATTRIBUTES
SEE ALSO

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 02:38:46 GMT, October 02, 2010