Content-type: text/html Man page of sqrt

sqrt

Section: Mathematical Library Functions (3M)
Updated: 12 Jul 2006
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NAME

sqrt, sqrtf, sqrtl - square root function  

SYNOPSIS

c99 [ flag... ] file... -lm [ library... ]
#include <math.h>

double sqrt(double x);

float sqrtf(float x);

long double sqrtl(long double x);  

DESCRIPTION

These functions compute the square root of their argument x.  

RETURN VALUES

Upon successful completion, these functions return the square root of x.

For finite values of x < -0, a domain error occurs and either a NaN (if supported) or an implementation-defined value is returned.

If x is NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is ±0 or +Inf, x is returned.

If x is -Inf, a domain error occurs and a NaN is returned.  

ERRORS

These functions will fail if:

Domain Error The finite value of x is < -0 or x is -Inf.

If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, the invalid floating-point exception is raised.

The sqrt() function sets errno to EDOM if the value of x is negative.

 

USAGE

An application wanting to check for exceptions should call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an exception has been raised. An application should either examine the return value or check the floating point exception flags to detect exceptions.

An application can also set errno to 0 before calling sqrt(). On return, if errno is non-zero, an error has occurred. The sqrtf() and sqrtl() functions do not set errno.  

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE
Interface StabilityStandard
MT-LevelMT-Safe

 

SEE ALSO

feclearexcept(3M), fetestexcept(3M), isnan(3M), math.h(3HEAD), attributes(5), standards(5)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUES
ERRORS
USAGE
ATTRIBUTES
SEE ALSO

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Time: 02:39:34 GMT, October 02, 2010