Content-type: text/html Man page of ctermid

ctermid

Section: Standard C Library Functions (3C)
Updated: 25 Jul 2000
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

ctermid, ctermid_r - generate path name for controlling terminal  

SYNOPSIS

#include <stdio.h>

char *ctermid(char *s);

char *ctermid_r(char *s);  

DESCRIPTION

 

ctermid()

The ctermid() function generates the path name of the controlling terminal for the current process and stores it in a string.

If s is a null pointer, the string is stored in an internal static area whose address is returned and whose contents are overwritten at the next call to ctermid(). Otherwise, s is assumed to point to a character array of at least L_ctermid elements. The path name is placed in this array and the value of s is returned. The constant L_ctermid is defined in the header <stdio.h>.  

ctermid_r()

The ctermid_r() function behaves as ctermid() except that if s is a null pointer, the function returns NULL.  

USAGE

The difference between ctermid() and ttyname(3C) is that ttyname() must be passed a file descriptor and returns the actual name of the terminal associated with that file descriptor, while ctermid() returns a string (/dev/tty) that will refer to the terminal if used as a file name. The ttyname() function is useful only if the process already has at least one file open to a terminal.

The ctermid() function is unsafe in multithreaded applications. The ctermid_r() function is MT-Safe and should be used instead.

When compiling multithreaded applications, the _REENTRANT flag must be defined on the compile line. This flag should be used only with multithreaded applications.  

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE
Interface Stabilityctermid() is Standard
MT-Level ctermid() is Unsafe; ctermid_r() is MT-Safe

 

SEE ALSO

ttyname(3C), attributes(5)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ctermid()
ctermid_r()
USAGE
ATTRIBUTES
SEE ALSO

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Time: 02:37:27 GMT, October 02, 2010