Content-type: text/html Man page of semctl

semctl

Section: System Calls (2)
Updated: 1 Feb 2003
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NAME

semctl - semaphore control operations  

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/ipc.h>
#include <sys/sem.h>

int semctl(int semid, int semnum, int cmd, ...);  

DESCRIPTION

The semctl() function provides a variety of semaphore control operations as specified by cmd. The fourth argument is optional, depending upon the operation requested. If required, it is of type union semun, which must be explicitly declared by the application program.

union semun {
        int             val;
        struct semid_ds *buf;
        ushort_t        *array;
} arg ;

The permission required for a semaphore operation is given as {token}, where token is the type of permission needed. The types of permission are interpreted as follows:

00400    READ by user
00200    ALTER by user
00040    READ by group
00020    ALTER by group
00004    READ by others
00002    ALTER by others

See the Semaphore Operation Permissions subsection of the DEFINITIONS section of intro(2) for more information. The following semaphore operations as specified by cmd are executed with respect to the semaphore specified by semid and semnum.

GETVAL Return the value of semval (see intro(2)). {READ}

SETVAL Set the value of semval to arg.val. {ALTER} When this command is successfully executed, the semadj value corresponding to the specified semaphore in all processes is cleared.

GETPID Return the value of (int) sempid. {READ}

GETNCNT Return the value of semncnt. {READ}

GETZCNT Return the value of semzcnt. {READ}

The following operations return and set, respectively, every semval in the set of semaphores.

GETALL Place semvals into array pointed to by arg.array. {READ}

SETALL Set semvals according to the array pointed to by arg.array. {ALTER}. When this cmd is successfully executed, the semadj values corresponding to each specified semaphore in all processes are cleared.

The following operations are also available.

IPC_STAT Place the current value of each member of the data structure associated with semid into the structure pointed to by arg.buf. The contents of this structure are defined in intro(2). {READ}

IPC_SET Set the value of the following members of the data structure associated with semid to the corresponding value found in the structure pointed to by arg.buf:

sem_perm.uid
sem_perm.gid
sem_perm.mode   /* access permission bits only */

This command can be executed only by a process that has either the {PRIV_IPC_OWNER} privilege or an effective user ID equal to the value of msg_perm.cuid or msg_perm.uid in the data structure associated with msqid. Only a process with the {PRIV_SYS_IPC_CONFIG} privilege can raise the value of msg_qbytes.

IPC_RMID Remove the semaphore identifier specified by semid from the system and destroy the set of semaphores and data structure associated with it. This command can be executed only by a process that has the {PRIV_IPC_OWNER} privilege or an effective user ID equal to the value of sem_perm.cuid or sem_perm.uid in the data structure associated with semid.

 

RETURN VALUES

Upon successful completion, the value returned depends on cmd as follows:

GETVAL the value of semval

GETPID the value of (int) sempid

GETNCNT the value of semncnt

GETZCNT the value of semzcnt

All other successful completions return 0; otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.  

ERRORS

The semctl() function will fail if:

EACCES Operation permission is denied to the calling process (see intro(2)).

EFAULT The source or target is not a valid address in the user process.

EINVAL The semid argument is not a valid semaphore identifier; the semnum argument is less than 0 or greater than sem_nsems -1; or the cmd argument is not a valid command or is IPC_SET and sem_perm.uid or sem_perm.gid is not valid.

EPERM The cmd argument is equal to IPC_RMID or IPC_SET, the effective user ID of the calling process is not equal to the value of sem_perm.cuid or sem_perm.uid in the data structure associated with semid, and {PRIV_IPC_OWNER} is not asserted in the effective set of the calling process.

EOVERFLOW The cmd argument is IPC_STAT and uid or gid is too large to be stored in the structure pointed to by arg.buf.

ERANGE The cmd argument is SETVAL or SETALL and the value to which semval is to be set is greater than the system imposed maximum.

 

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE
Interface StabilityStandard

 

SEE ALSO

ipcs(1), intro(2), semget(2), semop(2), attributes(5), privileges(5), standards(5)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUES
ERRORS
ATTRIBUTES
SEE ALSO

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Time: 02:37:16 GMT, October 02, 2010