Content-type: text/html Man page of cfgadm_sata

cfgadm_sata

Section: System Administration Commands (1M)
Updated: 27 Aug 2007
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NAME

cfgadm_sata - SATA hardware-specific commands for cfgadm  

SYNOPSIS

/usr/sbin/cfgadm [-f] [-y | -n] [-v] [-o hardware_options]
    -c function ap_id...

/usr/sbin/cfgadm [-f] [-y | -n] [-v] [-o hardware_options]
    -x hardware_function ap_id...

/usr/sbin/cfgadm [-v] [-a] [-s listing_options] 
    [-o hardware_options] [-l [ap_id | ap_type]...]

/usr/sbin/cfgadm [-v] [-o harware_options] -t ap_id...

/usr/sbin/cfgadm [-v] [-o hardware_options] -h [ap_id]...

 

DESCRIPTION

The SATA hardware specific library, /usr/lib/cfgadm/sata.so.1, provides the functionality for SATA hot plugging through the cfgadm command. cfgadm operates on attachment points, which are locations in the system where hardware resources can be dynamically reconfigured. See cfgadm(1M) for information regarding attachment points.

Each SATA controller's and port multiplier's device port is represented by an attachment point in the device tree. SATA devices, connected and configured in the system are shown as the attachment point name extension. The terms "attachment point" and "SATA port" are used interchangeably in the following description.

Attachment points are named through ap_ids. All the SATA attachment points ap_id consist of a string in the following form:

sataX/P[.M][::dsk/cXtYd0]

where

X

is the SATA controller number

P

is the SATA controller's device port number (0 to 31)

M

is the port multiplier's device port number (0 to 14) the port multiplier host port number (15). It is used only when the port multiplier is attached to the SATA controller's device port.

dev/cXtYd0

identifies the attached SATA device

Y

is a target number

In general, the device identifier is derived from the corresponding logical link for the device in /dev. Because only one LUN (LUN 0) is supported by the SATA device, the "d" component of the device string will always have number 0 (zero).

For example, the logical ap_id of the device port 4 of the port multiplier connected to the device port 5 of the SATA controller 2 would be:

sata2/5.4

If the SATA disk or CD/DVD device is connected to this attachment point, and the device is configured, the ap_id would be:

sata2/5.4::dsk/c2t645d0

The cXtYd0 string identifying a device has one-to-one correspondence to the device attachment point.

A simple listing of attachment points in the system will include all SATA device ports and attached devices. For example:

#cfgadm -l
Ap_Id                     Type        Receptacle   Occupant     Condition
 sata0/0::dev/c0t0d0     disk        connected    configured   ok
 sata0/1::dev/c0t1d0     disk        connected    configured   ok
 sata0/2::dev/c0t2d0     cd-dvd      connected    configured   ok
 sata0/3                 sata-port   empty        unconfigured ok
 sata1/0                 sata-port   disconnected unconfigured unknown
 sata1/1                 sata port   disconnected unconfigured unknown
 sata1/2                 sata port   empty        unconfigured ok
 sata1/3.15              sata-pmult  connected    configured   ok
 sata1/3.0::dev/c0t512d0 disk        connected    configured   ok
 sata1/3.1               sata-port   empty        unconfigured ok
 sata1/3.2               sata-port   empty        unconfigured ok
 sata1/3.3               sata-port   empty        unconfigured ok
 usb0/1                  unknown     empty        unconfigured ok
 usb0/2                  unknown     empty        unconfigured ok

See cfgadm(1M)for more information regarding listing of attachment points.

The receptacle state for attachment point at the SATA port have the following meanings:

empty

The SATA port is powered-on and enabled. No device presence was detected on this port.

disconnected

The SATA port is not enabled or the SATA device presence was detected but no communication with the device was established, or the port has failed.

connected

The SATA device is detected on the port the communication with the device is established.

The occupant (device attached to the SATA port) state have the following meanings:

configured

The attached SATA device is configured and ready to use by the operating system.

unconfigured

No device is attached, or the SATA device attached to the SATA port was not yet configured. To configure it, run the command "cfgadm -c configure ap_id".

The attachment point (SATA port) condition have the following meanings:

ok

The SATA port is powered-on and enabled, and is ready for use.

failed

The SATA port failed. It may be disabled and/or powered-off by the system. It is unusable and its condition is unknown. It may be due to the device plugged-in.

unknown

The SATA port is disabled and its condition is unknown.

A "state table" is the combination of an attachment point receptacle state, an occupant state, and an attachment point (SATA port) condition. The valid states are:

empty/unconfigured/ok

The SATA port is enabled and active. No device presence was detected.

disconnected/unconfigured/ok

The SATA port is enabled and a device presence was detected but no communications with the device was established.

disconnected/unconfigured/unknown

The SATA Port is disabled and its condition is unknown.

disconnected/unconfigured/failed

The SATA Port is disabled and unusable. The port was disabled by the system due to a system-detected failure.

connected/unconfigured/ok

The SATA Port is enabled and active. A device presence was detected and the communication with a device was established. The device is not configured to be used by the OS.

connected/configured/ok

The device is present and configured, and is ready to use by the OS.

 

OPTIONS

cfgadm defines several types of operations besides listing (-l). These operations include testing, (-t), invoking configuration state changes, (-c), invoking hardware specific functions (-x), and obtaining configuration administration help messages (-h).

-c function

The following generic functions are defined for the SATA hardware specific library. For SATA port attachment point, the following configuration state change operations are supported:

connect

Enable (activate) the SATA port and establish the communication with an attached device. This operation implies powering-on the port if necessary.

disconnect

Unconfigure the attached device, if it is not already unconfigured, and disable (deactivate) the SATA port. A subsequent "connect" command enables SATA port operation but does not bring a device to the "configured" state.

For a SATA device attached to the SATA port following state change operations are supported:

configure

Configure new device for use by the operating system if it is not already configured. This command also implies connect operation, if necessary.

unconfigure

Unconfigure the device connected to the SATA port if it is not already unconfigured.

The configure and unconfigure operations cannot be used for an attachment point where the port multiplier is connected. Port multipliers are configured and unconfigured automatically by the system. However, configure and unconfigure operations apply to all SATA devices connected to the port multiplier's device ports.

-f

Not supported.

-h ap_id

SATA specific help can be obtained by using the help option with any SATA attachment point.

-l [-v]

The -l option works as described in cfgadm(1M). When paired with the -v option, the "Information" field contains the following SATA-specific information:
o Mfg: manufacturer string
o Product: product string
o No: product Serial Number

-o hardware_options

No hardware specific options are currently defined.

-s listing_options

Attachment points of class SATA can be listed by using the select suboption. See cfgadm(1M).

-t ap_id

Perform self-test of the SATA port, if supported by the SATA controller. If a port self-test operation is not supported by the SATA controller, an error message is issued.

-x hardware_function

Perform hardware specific function.

Some of the following commands used on the SATA ports or the SATA controller may affect any SATA devices that have been attached, as noted. ap_id refers to SATA port or the entire SATA controller, as noted. If the operation implies unconfiguring a device, but it cannot be unconfigured (that is, the device contains a mounted filesystem), an error message is issued and the operation is not performed. An error message will be also issued if the SATA controller does not support specified operation.

sata_reset_device ap_id

Reset the SATA device attached to ap_id SATA port. The SATA port state does not change.

sata_reset_port ap_id

Reset the SATA port specified by ap_id. If a SATA device is attached to the port, it is also reset. This operation may be also performed on the port to which a port multiplier is connected. If a port multiplier is connected to the SATA controller port, the SATA devices attached to the port multiplier may not be reset

sata_reset_all ap_id

Reset SATA controller specified by the controller number part in ap_id and all attached devices and re-enumerate all connected devices, including port multipliers and devices connected to port multipliers' device ports.

This operations implies unconfiguring all attached devices prior to the operation. Any newly enumerated devices will be left unconfigured.

sata_port_deactivate ap_id

Force the deactivation of the port when all else fails. This is meant as an emergency step; use with caution.

sata_port_activate ap_id

Force the activation of a port. This is meant for emergency situations on a port which was deactivated to recover from errors.

sata_port_self_test ap_id

Perform self-test operation on the SATA controller. This operation implies unconfiguring all devices and resetting the SATA controller.

-v

Execute in verbose mode.

The following Transitions table reports the state transitions resulting from the -c operations and hotplugging actions:

current state     operation       possible new state
-------------     ---------       ------------------
empty/
unconfigured/ok   device plug-in  connected/unconfigured/ok, or
                                 disconnected/unconfigured/ok, or
                                 disconnected/unconfigured/failed

empty/
unconfigured/ok   -c unconfigure  error message, no state change

empty/
unconfigured/ok   -c configure    error message, no state change

empty/
unconfigured/ok   -c connect      error message, no state change

empty/
unconfigured/ok   -c disconnect   disconnected/unconfigured/unknown, or
                                 disconnected/unconfigured/failed

disconnected/
unconfigured/ok   device unplug   no state change

disconnected/
unconfigured/ok   -c unconfigure  error message, no state change

disconnected/
unconfigured/ok   -c configure    error message, no state change

disconnected/
unconfigured/ok   -c connect      error message, no state change

disconnected/
unconfigured/ok   -c disconnect   error message, no state change

disconnected/
unconfigured/
unknown 
(no disk plugged) -c configure    error message, state change to
                                 empty/unconfigured/ok, or
                                 disconnected/unconfigured/failed
      
disconnected/
unconfigured/
unknown           -c configure    state change to 
(disk plugged)                    connected/configured/ok or,
                                 connected/unconfigured/ok, or
                                 disconnected/unconfigured/failed and
                                 possible error message
      
disconnected/
unconfigured/
unknown           -c connect      empty/unconfigured/ok, or
                                 connected/unconfigured/ok, or
                                 disconnected/unconfigured/ok, or
                                 disconnected/unconfigured/unknown, or
                                 disconnected/unconfigured/failed

disconnected/
unconfigured/
unknown           -c disconnect   error message, no state change

disconnected/
unconfigured/
failed            any command     error message, no state change
                 other than
                 -x commands

connected/
unconfigured/ok   disk unplug     error message and state:
                                 empty/unconfigured/ok, or
                                 disconnected/unconfigured/failed

connected/
unconfigured/ok   -c configure    connected/unconfigured/ok, or
                                 connected/configured/ok, or
                                 disconnected/unconfigured/ok, or
                                 disconnected/unconfigured/failed

connected/
unconfigured/ok   -c unconfigure  error message, no state change

connected/
unconfigured/ok   -c connect      error message, no state change
      
connected/
unconfigured/ok   -c disconnect   disconnected/unconfigured/unknown, or
                                 disconnected/unconfigured/failed

connected/
configured/ok     disk unplug     error message and state:
                                 empty/unconfigured/ok, or
                                 disconnected/unconfigured/failed

connected/
configured/ok     -c configure    error message, no state change

connected/
configured/ok     -c unconfigure  error message, if device cannot be
                                 unconfigured, no state change, or
                                 connected/unconfigured/ok, or
                                 disconnected/unconfigured/ok, or
                                 disconnected/unconfigured/failed

connected/
configured/ok     -c connect      error message, no state change

connected/
configured/ok     -c disconnect   error message, if device cannot be
                                 unconfigured, no state change, or
                                 disconnected/unconfigured/unknown, or
                                 disconnected/unconfigured/failed

 

EXAMPLES

Example 1 Configuring a Disk

The following command configures a disk attached to SATA controller 0, port 0:

example# cfgadm -c configure sata0/0

This command should be issued only when there is a device connected to the SATA port.

Example 2 Unconfiguring a Disk

The following command unconfigures a disk attached to SATA controller 0, port 3:

example# cfgadm -c unconfigure sata0/3::dsk/c0t3d0

The device identifying string is shown when the attachment point receptacle state is "connected" and occupant state is "configured".

Example 3 Encountering a Mounted File System While Unconfiguring a Disk

The following command illustrates encountering a mounted file system while unconfiguring a disk:

example# cfgadm -c unconfigure sata1/5::dsk/c01t35d0

The system responds with the following:

cfgadm: Component system is busy, try again: failed to offline:
[email protected],0/pci8086,[email protected]/pci1095,[email protected][email protected],0
    Resource              Information
------------------  --------------------------
/dev/dsk/c1t5d0s0   mounted filesystem "/mnt"

 

FILES

/usr/lib/cfgadm/sata.so.1

Hardware specific library for generic SATA hot plugging.

 

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE

AvailabilitySUNWcsl

 

SEE ALSO

cfgadm(1M), config_admin(3CFGADM), libcfgadm(3LIB), attributes(5)  

NOTES

The emergency "sata_port_deactivate" operation is not supported on ports with attached disks containing critical partitions such as root (/), /usr, swap, or /var. The deactivate operation should not be attempted on such ports. Incorrect usage can result in a system hang and require a reboot.

Hotplugging operations are not supported by all SATA controllers.

If SATA connectors are the hot-pluggable type and the SATA controller supports hotplugging, a SATA device can be hotplugged at any time. The system detects the event and establishes the communication with the device. The device has to be configured by the explicit "cfgadm -c configure ap_id" command.

If the SATA connectors are the hot-pluggable type and the SATA controller supports hotplugging, unplugging a device without unconfiguring it may result in system hang or data loss. If a device is unconfigured but receptacle state is not in a disconnected state, unplugging a device from the SATA port will result in error message.  

WARNINGS

The connectors on some SATA devices do not conform to SATA hotplug specifications. Performing hotplug operations on such devices can cause damage to the SATA controller and/or the SATA device.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
EXAMPLES
FILES
ATTRIBUTES
SEE ALSO
NOTES
WARNINGS

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 02:37:10 GMT, October 02, 2010