Content-type: text/html Man page of sftp

sftp

Section: User Commands (1)
Updated: 10 Feb 2009
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NAME

sftp - secure file transfer program  

SYNOPSIS

sftp [options] [user@]host[:dir[/]]

sftp [options] [user@]host[:file1 [file1 [file | dir2]]

 

DESCRIPTION

The sftp utility is an interactive file transfer program with a user interface similar to ftp(1) that uses the ssh(1) command to create a secure connection to the server.

sftp implements the SSH File Transfer Protocol as defined in IETF draft-ietf-secsh-filexfer. There is no relationship between the protocol used by sftp and the FTP protocol (RFC959) provided by ftp(1).

The first usage format causes sftp to connect to the specified host and enter an interactive mode. If a username was provided then sftp tries to log in as the specified user. If a directory is provided then sftp tries to change the current directory on the server to the specified directory before entering the interactive mode.

The second usage format retrieves the specified file from the server and copies it to the specified target file or directory on the client. If a username is specified sftp tries to log in as the specified user.  

OPTIONS

The following options are supported:

-b batchfile

Batch mode reads a series of commands from an input batchfile instead of stdin. Since it lacks user interaction, it should be used in conjunction with non-interactive authentication. sftp aborts if any of the following commands fail: get, rm, and lmkdir.

-B buffer_size

Specifies the size of the buffer that sftp uses when transferring files. Larger buffers require fewer round trips at the cost of higher memory consumption. The default is 32768 bytes.

-C

Enables compression, using the -C flag in ssh(1).

-F ssh_config

Specifies an alternative per-user configuration file for ssh. This option is directly passed to ssh(1).

-o ssh_option

Specifies an option to be directly passed to ssh(1).

-P sftp_server path

Executes the specified path as an sftp-server and uses a pipe, rather than an ssh connection, to communicate with it. This option can be useful in debugging the sftp client and server. The -P and -S options are mutually exclusive.

-R num_requests

Specifies how many requests can be outstanding at any one time. Increasing this can slightly improve file transfer speed but increases memory usage. The default is 16 outstanding requests.

-s subsystem | sftp_server

Specifies the SSH2 subsystem or the path for an sftp server on the remote host. A path is useful for using sftp over protocol version 1, or when the remote sshd does not have an sftp subsystem configured.

-S ssh_program path

Uses the specified program instead of ssh(1) to connect to the sftp server. The -P and -S options are mutually exclusive.

-v

Raises logging level. This option is also passed to ssh(1).

-1

Specifies the use of protocol version 1.

 

OPERANDS

The following operands are supported:

hostname | [email protected]

The name of the host to which sftp connects and logs into.

 

INTERACTIVE COMMANDS

Once in interactive mode, sftp understands a set of commands similar to those of ftp(1). Commands are case insensitive and path names can be enclosed in quotes if they contain spaces.

bye

Quits sftp.

cd path

Changes remote directory to path.

chgrp grp path

Changes group of file path to grp. grp must be a numeric GID.

chmod mode path

Changes permissions of file path to mode.

chown own path

Changes owner of file path to own. own must be a numeric UID.

exit

Quits sftp.

get [flags] remote-path [local-path]

Retrieves the remote-path and stores it on the local machine. If the local path name is not specified, it is specified the same name it has on the remote machine. If the -P flag is specified, then the file's full permission and access time are copied too.

help

Displays help text.

Identical to the ? command.

lcd path

Changes local directory to path.

lls [ls-options [path]]

Displays local directory listing of either path or current directory if path is not specified.

lmkdir path

Creates local directory specified by path.

ln oldpath newpath

Creates a link from oldpath to newpath.

lpwd

Prints local working directory.

ls [flags] [path]

Displays remote directory listing of either path or current directory if path is not specified.

lumask umask

Sets local umask to umask.

mkdir path

Creates remote directory specified by path.

put [flags] local-path [local-path]

Uploads local-path and stores it on the remote machine. If the remote path name is not specified, it is specified the same name it has on the local machine. If the -P flag is specified, then the file's full permission and access time are copied too.

pwd

Displays remote working directory.

quit

Quits sftp.

rename oldpath newpath

Renames remote file from oldpath to newpath.

rm path

Deletes remote file specified by path.

rmdir path

Removes remote directory specified by path.

symlink oldpath newpath

Creates a symbolic link from oldpath to newpath.

version

Displays the sftp protocol version.

# [comment]

Include a comment. This is useful in batch files.

! [command]

If command is not specified, escapes to the local shell.

If command is specified, executes command in the local shell.

?

Displays help text.

Identical to the help command.

 

EXIT STATUS

The following exit values are returned:

0

Successful completion.

>0

An error occurred.

 

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE

AvailabilitySUNWsshu

Interface Stability

 

SEE ALSO

ftp(1), scp(1), ssh(1), ssh-add(1), ssh-keygen(1), sshd(1M), attributes(5)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
OPERANDS
INTERACTIVE COMMANDS
EXIT STATUS
ATTRIBUTES
SEE ALSO

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 02:39:29 GMT, October 02, 2010